Attraction - November 28, 2007 Attraction Asking the...

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November 28, 2007 Attraction Asking the “BIG” Question : Why are we attracted to others? To fulfill Affiliation needs o We are motivated to approach others in order to… o Learn about ourselves (information dependence) o Gain positive outcomes (outcome dependence) Ex: emotional (love, belonging), physical (resources) Learning about Ourselves Social Comparison Theory (Festinger): o Uncertainty about the self is aversive o We are motivated to hold accurate self-views o Accuracy is tested by comparing ourselves to others o Ex: How did you do on the last test? Gaining Positive Outcomes Social Exchange Theory: o We are motivated to gain positive outcomes o We are attracted to and maintain relationships in which the rewards exceed the costs Asking the “smaller” Question : Why are we attracted to others? What situational factors influence attraction? o Proximity Randomly assigned MIT grad students to rooms
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSY 221 taught by Professor Hugenberg during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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Attraction - November 28, 2007 Attraction Asking the...

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