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Behaviors 3 consequences 1 m bassil psyc 202

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Unformatted text preview: 202 Conditioning: Classical Classical vs. Operant Operant focuses focuses on elicited elicited behaviors triggered behaviors triggered involuntarily involuntarily focuses focuses on emitted behaviors triggered triggered voluntarily voluntarily conditioning conditioning through CS CS-UCS pairings behavior behavior changes due to to consequence CS occurs before CR consequence consequence occurs after after response M. Bassil PSYC 202 9 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/18/2009 Antecedent Conditions (ABC) Identifying when Identifying to respond Discriminative stimulus (the (the Antecedent): Antecedent): signal that a particular response will now produce certain consequences setting occasion to setting make make certain responses in box + press lever food is delivered Light is on + press lever food is delivered Light Put Put M. Bassil PSYC 202 Behavior is Governed by ehavior Consequence (ABC) Determining Determining how to respond Reinforcement: strengthen & ↑behavior/response Positive Reinforcement (administering a reinforcer) (administering reinforcer • Primary Reinforcers (serve a biological need) Primary Reinforcers • Secondary (conditioned) Reinforcers (e.g. money; praise) Secondary Reinforcers Negative Reinforcement (removing an aversive stimulant, Negative e.g. medicine ► pain) Operant Operant behavior is weakened by Extinction: stop after is Extinction: previous previous reinforcements (e.g. attention-seeking behavior) M. Bassil PSYC 202 10 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/18/2009 POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT Rat Presses Bar Reward: food is delivered Bar Pressing Increases M. Bassil PSYC 202 NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT Rat Presses Bar Aversive Stimulus: shock is removed Bar Pressing Increases M. Bassil PSYC 202 11 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/18/2009 Consequences Punishment: to to weaken & ↓ a behavior/response behavior/response Aversive (Positive) Punishment: or or punishment by application (e.g. reprimand; touching a hot stove) hot Response Cost: or negative punishment = or punishment by removal (e.g. grounding, monetary fines) fines) M. Bassil PSYC 202 POSITIVE PUNISHMENT Rat Presses Bar Aversive Stimulus: shock is...
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