Ch7_ppt_-_Learning_Compatibility_Mode_

What about phobias how come they remain spontaneous

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Unformatted text preview: me they remain? Spontaneous Spontaneous Recovery: reappearance of a previously extinguished CR after a rest period and without new learning learning trials. Stimulus Generalization (e.g. similar stimuli; can be (e.g. adaptive adaptive or maladaptive) Discrimination (trains, bicycles...) Higher-order Conditioning (black square; extinguishes (black sooner) sooner) M. Bassil PSYC 202 Applications of Classical Conditioning Acquiring & Overcoming Fear: Watson conditioning little Albert Lab experiments on animals & electric shocks Exposure therapy: systematic desensitization or systematic flooding flooding Attraction & Aversion: Aversion therapy (e.g. pedophiles, alcoholics) (e.g. & advertisements (e.g. Pepsi & Haifa) advertisements M. Bassil PSYC 202 6 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/18/2009 Applications Applications of Classical Conditioning Conditioning Sickness & Health Allergic Allergic Reactions Anticipatory Anticipatory Nausea & Vomiting (ANV) (cancer treatment) treatment) The The Immune System (sweet powder + epinephrine epinephrine = ↑ immune functioning) M. Bassil PSYC 202 Learning through Consequences Emitted Voluntary Responses M. Bassil PSYC 202 7 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/18/2009 Thorndike’s Law of Effect Puzzle Box to open (thru string or lever) by animals to (thru by (e.g. (e.g. hungry cat) ►establish learning establish Instrumental learning thru trial & error (no thru insight) insight) Law of effect: in a given situation, a response in followed by a satisfying consequence will become more likely to occur & a response followed by an annoying consequence will become become less likely to occur M. Bassil PSYC 202 Skinner’s Skinner’s Analysis Operant Operant Behavior: An organism operates on operates on its its environment in some way Skinner Skinner box studies operant conditioning (behavior is influenced by the consequences that that follow it) M. Bassil PSYC 202 8 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/18/2009 The Power of Consequences Reinforcement response strengthened response by by food Punishment response weakened by shock response by OC OC is a type of natural selection that facilitates facilitates an organism’s personal personal adaptation adaptation to environment EVENTS: Three-part contingency: Antecedents 2. Behaviors 3. Consequences 1. M. Bassil PSYC...
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