Ch6_ppt_-_States_of_Consciousness_Compatibility_Mode_

Bassil psyc 202 opiates opium opium drugs derived

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Unformatted text preview: use ► cognitive impairments depressive Ecstasy (MDMA) [Rave drug] (produce pleasure, elation, (MDMA) empathy, empathy, & warmth): serotonin functioning; when effects serotonin wear wear off ► depressed M. Bassil PSYC 202 Opiates Opium Opium & drugs derived from opium poppy (e.g. (e.g. morphine, codeine,& heroin) Provide pain relief & change mood Stimulate receptors activated by endorphins (pain Stimulate relief) & dopamine activity (euphoria) Example: Heroin is highly addictive; feel intense Heroin rush minutes after injection; high doses ► coma; coma; overdose ► death M. Bassil PSYC 202 30 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/4/2009 Hallucinogens Powerful mind-altering drugs that produce altering hallucinations hallucinations Natural Natural sources (mescaline) & synthetic (LSD, angel dust) dust) Flooding Flooding of excitation in NS; serotonin & dopamine serotonin at at specific receptor sites Distort Distort sensory experience & blur boundaries between reality reality & fantasy; after effects are unpredictable M. Bassil PSYC 202 Marijuana THC (tetrahydrocannabinol): marijuana’s major active marijuana’s ingredient (binds to receptors throughout brain) producing relaxation relaxation & pleasure Chronic Chronic use leads GABA activity ,slow down neural activity, GABA & relaxing effects & dopamine activity (pleasure) Misconceptions about Marijuana 1. 2. 3. 4. Chronic Chronic use ► amotivational syndrome Leads to using more dangerous drugs No significant dangers (smoking it is more cancer-causing causing than than tobacco) M. Bassil PSYC 202 Users cannot become dependant 31 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/4/2009 Determinants Determinants of Drug Effects (From (From Genes to Culture) Biological Factors: genetics (influence tolerance, genetics preference, preference, & addiction) Psychological Factors: beliefs, beliefs, expectations, & personality (adjustment issues ►vulnerable to drug vulnerable addiction) addiction) Environmental Factors: physical physical & social settings; settings; others’ behaviors; cultural learning M. Bassil PSYC 202 M. Bassil PSYC 202 32 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer (http://www.novapdf.com) 11/4/2009 Hypnosis Hypnosis is used in treating certain mental disorders. disorders. Anyone can be hypnotized, if the hypnotist Anyone has has thorough experience and training. It is possible to hypnotize against It someone someone against his/her will. Brain imaging research has shown that Brain hypnotized people are NOT faking it, but actually have altered state of brain activation. activation. M. Bassil PSYC 202 The Scientific Study of Hypnosis Hypnosis: • State of heightened suggestibility in which SOME State people are able to experience imagined situations as as if they were real • Is taught & used as a form of therapy Hypnotic Induction: a hypnotist tries to relax subject subject &...
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