G produces produces fear inhibition escape avoidance

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Unformatted text preview: in, nonreinforcement, & punishment (e.g. produces produces fear, inhibition, escape, avoidance…) BIS involves limbic system & right frontal lobe 3 Create PDF files without this message by purchasing novaPDF printer ( 11/30/2009 Cognitive Cognitive Processes: Incentives & Expectancies Expectancies Incentives: environmental stimuli that pull organism environmental toward toward goal (e.g. good grade, food) BUT why do we respond differently to same incentive? Expectancy Expectancy × Value theory: goal-directed behavior is directed jointly determined by strength of person’s expectation that particular behaviors will lead to goal & by the incentive value the individual places on goal (M = E x V) (M • Extrinsic motivation: performing activity to obtain external performing reward or avoid punishment (e.g. study for grade not learning) (e.g. • Intrinsic motivation: performing activity for its own sake Psychodynamic View Freud: energy from unconscious motives (sex & energy aggression) is often disguised & expressed through socially socially acceptable behaviors Found little support Other psychodynamic theorists: - We have motives for self-esteem & social belonging - People are not always aware of motivating factors People (conscious (conscious + unconscious motives) 4 Create PDF...
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