Updated+chapter+11

Updated+chapter+11 - Pragmatics Pragmatics the study of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–16. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Pragmatics Pragmatics: the study of intended meaning - when there is something more to or something different from the literal meaning is conveyed, and we explain those situations using pragmatics. Pragmatics tends to focus on what Yule calls “invisible” meaning – how we recognize what is meant even when it isn’t actually said or written. r Assumptions and expectations that are shared by speakers and listeners and by writers and readers are an important aspect of pragmatics. Parking sign- r You might see this sign in a city like New York or Chicago. You would know that it means heated parking garage and not heated attendants. Newspaper ad- r The meaning is that this store is having a sale on baby clothes, not that it is selling babies (the literal meaning of the words in the ad). We rely on linguistic context to figure out the meaning when there is less situational and physical context. r Linguistic context is also known as co-text. r Co-text: the other words used in phrases or sentences that help determine the meaning of the word in a question. “I’m going to the bank to cash a check.” “I’m going to the bank to do some fishing.” Words that cannot be interpreted at all unless the physical context, especially the physical context of the speaker is known. r Greek word meaning “pointing” (thru language). Place (spatial) deixis: pointing to a location- here, there r Time deixis (temporal): pointing to a time- now, then, tomorrow, last month r Person deixis: pointing to a person- Pronouns = I, you, he, she, it, him, her, we, they, them, etc… Some more deictic distinctions in English: r This, these, here – refer to things that are close to the speaker r That, those, there – refer to things that are further away from the speaker. r “Come” indicates movement toward the speaker’s location (come here) and “go” indicates movement away from the speaker’s location (there she goes). “You’ll have to bring that back tomorrow, because they aren’t here now.” r Well-formed sentence but meaningless when taken out of context because it contains so many deictic terms. Reference: an act by which a speaker or writer uses language to enable a listener or reader to identify something. Inference: the listener’s use of additional information to connect what is said to what must be meant....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 50

Updated+chapter+11 - Pragmatics Pragmatics the study of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 16. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online