Merchant of Venice and Nieztsche

Merchant of Venice and Nieztsche - Political Theory...

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Political Theory Benjamin Nelson idea of usury from brotherhood to universal otherhood (1949) o complain of usury – if natural interest rate, then lending someone money at high interest is not fair, not equivalent to const to you, violation Marxian sense, they are taking advantage of you – loan shark o Aristotle – not fair from distributive justice, not equitable or fair, violation of natural sense of equity o strictly secular complaint about usury, but what really makes it anathema are Christian claims about usury o the decisive point when usury/ lending money became legitimate was with protestant reformation (John Calvin who broke with traditional prejudices against lending money) Christianity vs. Paganism o ambivalence of conversion (Jessica and Lorenzo) o Antony’s intolerance and Shylock’s o hypocrisy of Christians o letter of law and spirit of law promise keeping + choice vs will of previous generations o Portia + her sisters vs. Jessica + Shylock o choice of … (appearance vs. reality)
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Merchant of Venice and Nieztsche - Political Theory...

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