Congress PolandFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchFor the Polish legislature, see Parliament of Poland.Coordinates: 52.2333°N 21.0167°EKingdom of PolandKrólestwo Polskie(Polish)Царство Польское (Russian)1815–1867/1915Flag of PolandNaval EnsignCoat of arms of PolandCoat of armsMotto: Z nami Bóg!"God is with us!"Anthem: Pieśń narodowa za pomyślność króla"National Song to the King's Well-being"Map of Congress Poland, circa 1815, following the Congress of Vienna. The Russian Empire is shownin light green.Map of Congress Poland, circa 1815, following the Congress of Vienna. The Russian Empire is shownin light green.StatusPersonal union with the Russian EmpireReal union with the Russian Empire since incorporation in 1832, integrated in 1867 as the VistulaLandCapital WarsawOfficial languagesPolish, RussianCommon languagesPolish, Yiddish, German, RussianReligionCatholicismMinorities:GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
King• 1815–1825 (first)Alexander I• 1894–1915 (last)Nicholas IINamiestnik-Viceroy• 1815–1826 (first)Józef Zajączek• 1914–1915 (last)Pavel YengalychevLegislatureSejm• Upper houseSenate• Lower houseChamber of DeputiesHistory• Congress of Vienna9 June 1815• Constitution adopted27 November 1815• NovemberUprising29 November 1830• JanuaryUprising23 January 1863• Vistula Landestablished1867• Lost to Germanyduring WWI
1915Area1815128,500 km2 (49,600 sq mi)Population• 18153,200,000• 18979,402,253CurrencyPolish złoty(1815–1841)Polish rubel(1841–1915)ISO 3166 codePLPreceded bySucceeded byDuchy of Warsaw1867Vistula Land1915Government General of Warsaw1917Regency Kingdom of PolandToday part ofBelarusLithuaniaPolandCongress Poland or Russian Poland, formally known as the Kingdom of Poland, was a politycreated in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a semi-autonomous Polish state and successor toNapoleon's short-lived Duchy of Warsaw. It was established in the Russian sector after Poland waspartitioned by the Habsburg Monarchy, Russia and Prussia. In 1915, during World War I, it wasreplaced by the Central Powers with the nominal Regency Kingdom of Poland,[a] until Polandregained independence in 1918.
Following the partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland ceased to exist as anindependent state for 123 years. The territory, with its native population, was split between the