Of 31 countries with compulsory voting, a dozen actually enforce it - thenews.com

P ro co mp u ls o ry vo tin g e le me n ts a re o f

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Unformatted text preview: o ry vo tin g e le me n ts a re o f th e vie w th a t s in ce s ma lle r ca mp a ig n fu n d s a re n e e d e d to g e t a la rg e n u mb e r o f vo te rs to th e p o llin g s ta tio n s , th e ro le o f mo n e y in p o litics d e cre a s e s a s it a ls o d is co u ra g e s vo te -b u yin g in ma n y w a ys . O n th e o th e r h a n d , s e ctio n s a g a in s t co mp u ls o ry vo tin g fe e l th a t fo rcin g s o me o n e to vo te w a s a g a in s t th e p rin cip le s o f b a s ic fre e d o m.Th e y d o ma ke a va lid p o in t th a t a fe w p e o p le , if th e y a re fo rce d to vo te , ca n s till u s e a b la n k o r in va lid vo te in a n g e r. It ma y b e a d d e d h e re th a t Au s tria h a d in tro d u ce d th is co n ce p t o f co mp u ls o ry vo tin g in 1 9 2 4 , Ho lla n d d id it in 1 9 1 7 a n d a b o lis h e d it in 1 9 6 7 , Sp a in d id it in 1 9 0 7 fo r 1 6 ye a rs a n d C h ile re p la ce d it w ith vo lu n ta ry vo tin g in 2 0 0 9 . Me a n w h ile , Ve n e z u e la to o h a s a ls o a b a n d o n e d th e p h e n o me n o n o f co mp u ls o ry vo tin g . An e xte n s ive re s e a rch h a s a ls o b e e n co n d u cte d b y “ Th e Ne w s In te rn a tio n a l,” w ith h e lp s o u g h t fro m va rio u s e d itio n s o f th e p re s tig io u s E u ro p e a n Jo u rn a l o f P o litica l Re s e a rch a n d Ma rk Fra n klin ’s b o o ks “ E le cto ra l P a rticip a tio n ” a n d “ E u ro p e a n E le ctio n s a n d th e E u ro p e a n Vo te r,” to s tu d y th e vo tin g b e h a vio u rs in 2 3 w o rld co u n trie s w ith h ig h tu rn o u ts o n p o llin g d a y. Th e a ve ra g e 1 9 6 0 -1 9 9 5 vo te rs ’ tu rn o u t fig u re s in th e Na tio n a l a s s e mb ly e le ctio n s o f th e s e 2 3 co u n trie s h a vin g 8 0 p e r ce n t tu rn o u t a n d p lu s s h o w th a t Ma lta h a d a 9 4 p e r ce n t tu rn o u t d u rin g th e p e rio d u n d e r re vie w , C h ile h a d 9 3 p e r ce n t, Au s tria 9 2 p e r ce n t, Be lg iu m 9 1 p e r ce n t, Ita ly 9 0 p e r ce n t, Lu xe mb o u rg 9 0 p e r ce n t, Ice la n d 8 9 p e r ce n t, Ne w Ze a la n d 8 8 p e r ce n t, De n ma rk 8 7 p e r ce n t, Ge rma n y 8 6 p e r ce n t, Sw e d e n 8 6 p e r ce n t, Gre e ce 8 6 p e r ce n t, Ve n e z u e la 8 5 p e r ce n t, C z e ch Re p u b lic 8 5 p e r ce n t, Arg e n tin e 8 3 p e r ce n t, Bra z il 8 3 p e r ce n t, Ho lla n d 8 3 p e r ce n t, Au s tra lia 8 1 p e r ce n t, C o s ta Rica 8 1 p e r ce n t, No rw a y 8 1 p e r ce n t, Ro ma n ia 8 1 p e r ce n t, Bu lg a ria 8 0 p e r ce n t a n d Is ra e l h a d 8 0 p e r ce n t. Th e re is n o s e co n d o p in io n th a t o ve r 1 8 0 millio n P a kis ta n is a re a ls o h o p in g a g a in s t h o p e th a t a ma jo r ch u n k o f th e 8 4 .3 6 4 millio n re g is te re d vo te rs in th e co u n try ca s t th e ir b a llo t fo r th e b e s t p o s s ib le p e o p le in th e fo rth co min g 2 0 1 3 p o lls . In P a kis ta n , a s E le ctio n C o mmis s io n w e b s ite s ta te s , th e re cu rre n tly a r...
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