Business Ethics- Unit 2 Study Guide

Business Ethics- Unit 2 Study Guide - Study Guide- Unit 2...

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Study Guide- Unit 2 Tuesday, February 19, 2008 10:48 PM Moral Value 1) What is the difference between intrinsic and instrumental (extrinsic) goods? (P, 104) Intrinsic goods are good because of their nature- they are not derived from other goods (simple joys). They are of enjoyment or pleasure. Instrumental (extrinsic) goods are worthy of desire because they are effective means in reaching our intrinsic goods. They are a product of choosing (medicine and making money). 2) According to hedonism, what is good and what is evil? (P, 105) According to hedonism, all pleasure is good and an experience is good if and only if it provides some pleasure. Pain is seen as the only thing bad/evil in itself. 3) What distinguishes "sensualists" from "satisfactionists", according to Pojman? (P, 105) Sensualists equate all pleasure with sensual titillation. Satisfactionists say it is a pleasurable state of consciousness and enjoyable. 4) How can a hedonist explain the paradox of masochism? (P, 105) A masochist is one who enjoys what is painful. Hedonists explain this because he finds satisfaction from that pain or dissatisfaction. 5) Explain the difference between value monism and value pluralism (P, 105). Value monism says that there is a single intrinsic value that is not pleasure. It is a transcendent value, "the Good" which is the basis of all our other values. Value pluralism says pleasure or enjoyment is an intrinsic good. 6) According to Descartes, do pleasure and pain exist in the external world independently of the mind? (lectures) No. Pain is not in a hammer. 7) According to Descartes, what is the function of pleasure and pain? (lectures) Quality A beneficial to our body pleasure Quality B harmful to our body pain 8) If good and evil do not exist independently of sentient beings, could there still be universal standards of moral value? (lectures) Yes, moral values are objective. 9) According to Plato, what makes good things good? (P, 107-112) Good things are good if in their absolute form they promote the Good. We become good by knowing the Good. 10) To what does Plato compare the Form of Good in the Republic? Why does he compare the Form of Good to this object? (P, 107-112)
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The From of Good is what gives truth to the objects of knowledge, and to the knowing mind the power to know. It is like the sun. 11) Is the Form of Good material or immaterial, according to Plato? (P, 107-112) The Form of Good is immaterial. 12) According to Bentham, what are the ultimate standards for determining what is good and what is evil? (P, 113) The ultimate standards say pleasure is the only good and pain is the only evil. 13) What is Bentham's "principle of utility"? (P, 113) The principle of utility approves or disapproves every action. It can diminish happiness or oppose that happiness. Utility is the property in any object that tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness or it prevents the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness. 14) According to Bentham, what are the four circumstances that make either pleasure or
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PHIL 1040 taught by Professor Grandi during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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Business Ethics- Unit 2 Study Guide - Study Guide- Unit 2...

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