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6. Summarize the major historical trends of China’s foreign trade from the Han dynasty to 1949. Divide the trade into periods and explain why you date those periods as you do. •Han Dynasty (206BCE-220CE) oStart of the silk road. •Tang Dynasty (618CE-907CE) oMainly land trade - Did a lot of trade on the Silk Road. oEconomically sustainable •Song Dynasty (960CE- ) oMainly sea/naval trade - Was not as successful as the Tang Dynasty oBut still Economically sustainable oWas fairly weak at land trade •Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) oControlled an area that covered the whole of the silk road. oDespite holding such a large trade area, trade did not flourish - China's economy decreased oBecause government wanted control of the monopoly on trade oGovernment made restrictions of what can be traded oIn order to trade stuff, merchants had to get permission fro the government. oGovernment imposed a tax on trade - Government wanted 70% of the profit. •Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) oTreasure ships - went out to SE Asia, SE Africa, India, Central Asia - tasked to go on voyages. oTributary System - went to the other countries and gave them treasures. oOccasionally eunuches were given as tributary gifts. •Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) oOpen to westerners. oExpanded China to the largest extent oOpium Wars - caused treaty ports. oQings were very interested in interacting with foreigners to get more things that they wanted - such as spices, cotton. •1900-1911 oTreaty port culture - newspapers, print media, foren study, increased investment in industry, railroads, mining, Women's education. Nationalism. •1911-1937
oBeginning of industralism. Different foreign countries invest in different warlords. •1937-1939 oJapan heavily invested in Machuria to build factories.