Midterm Essay 6 - 6 Summarize the major historical trends of Chinas foreign trade from the Han dynasty to 1949 Divide the trade into periods and explain

Midterm Essay 6 - 6 Summarize the major historical trends...

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6. Summarize the major historical trends of China’s foreign trade from the Han dynasty to 1949. Divide the trade into periods and explain why you date those periods as you do. Han Dynasty (206BCE-220CE) o Start of the silk road. Tang Dynasty (618CE-907CE) o Mainly land trade - Did a lot of trade on the Silk Road. o Economically sustainable Song Dynasty (960CE- ) o Mainly sea/naval trade - Was not as successful as the Tang Dynasty o But still Economically sustainable o Was fairly weak at land trade Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) o Controlled an area that covered the whole of the silk road. o Despite holding such a large trade area, trade did not flourish - China's economy decreased o Because government wanted control of the monopoly on trade o Government made restrictions of what can be traded o In order to trade stuff, merchants had to get permission fro the government. o Government imposed a tax on trade - Government wanted 70% of the profit. Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) o Treasure ships - went out to SE Asia, SE Africa, India, Central Asia - tasked to go on voyages. o Tributary System - went to the other countries and gave them treasures. o Occasionally eunuches were given as tributary gifts. Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) o Open to westerners. o Expanded China to the largest extent o Opium Wars - caused treaty ports. o Qings were very interested in interacting with foreigners to get more things that they wanted - such as spices, cotton. 1900-1911 o Treaty port culture - newspapers, print media, foren study, increased investment in industry, railroads, mining, Women's education. Nationalism. 1911-1937
o Beginning of industralism. Different foreign countries invest in different warlords. 1937-1939 o Japan heavily invested in Machuria to build factories.

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