Fall Semester Exam Review Sheet●This is NOT everything on the test, but it is everything I could put into words for you to research.Vocabulary●Effigy●Evangelicals●Assimilation●Mercantilism●Salutary neglectContent1.Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade-the Atlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave tradersof enslaved African people , mainly to the Americas. It regularly used the triangular trade routeand its middle passage, and existed from the 16-19th century(Kiana M.)○Reason for need of African slaves-the south claimed they needed slaves to work thefarms and serve their families. African slaves were considered safer than indenturedservants, and plantation owners would use them to make their businesses thrive. Slavesplayed a major role in the south’s economic success. (Kiana M.)2.Reason Britain imposed taxes on the American colonies●For the maintenance of the British empire without increasing taxes in Britain.●Were also necessary after the Seven Years’ War which was costly.3.Federalists v. Democratic Republicans (beliefs and important people).●FederalistsImportant people- John Adams & AlexanderHamilton Beliefs- loose interpretation of the Constitution, favoreda strong central government and supported a national bank.●Democratic-RepublicansImportant people- Thomas Jefferson &James MadisonBeliefs- strict interpretation of theConstitution, favored a weak central government, and opposed the national bank.4.Compare French, Dutch, Spanish, British settlement of North America●French: First permanent french settlement was established in Quebec. In 1673 theFrench explored the upper Mississippi river and gained control of the St. Lawrence riverwhich gave them access to the interior of North America.The French were looking forfurs and converts to Catholicism, they viewed American indians as potential economicand military allies.●Dutch: In 1609 Henry Hudson sailed upa broad river that was later named after him, thehudson River. This established claims to the surrounding areas that would become NewAmsterdam (and later NY). They also focused on the fur trade along with creating apeaceful relationships with the natives.●Spanish: Spanish motives were the three G’s Gold, Glory and God. First voyage broughtships full of gold and silver back to Spain successfully so the spanish remained in theamericas.the spanish established the Encomienda system that created a labor system forthe natives in the land. Diseases brought by the spanish wiped out millions of the nativepopulation those who did not die from disease died from forced labor.●British: In 1587 the British attempted to establish their first colony Roanoke but it endedup being a failure. When they tried again in 1607 Jamestown was their first success.
british settlers came in families not singles like other settlements, the natives helpedthem learn how to grow certain crops and adapt to life in the Americas. Peace was shortlived because the british thought natives were uncivilized and savage. The settlements