PSYC 1 notes

PSYC 1 notes - Quality of Care affects the Quality of...

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Quality of Care affects the Quality of Attachment Infants will become securely attached to a mother who provides contact comfort, responds promptly and sensitively to the infant’s signal of distress, and interacts with the infant in an emotionally synchronous manner Ainsworth The mothers of these infants were more attentive and comforting to their infants. Tested this hypothesis by conducting an exp get some mothers to behave in a more sensitive manner toward their infants than other mothers do and then assess their infants for attachment security. Van den Boom exp Recruited 100 infant-mother pairs, all infants were highly irritable w/c caused the mothers to withdraw from their infants. Half of the mothers were trained to respond to the infant’s distress in a comforting warm way, half mothers weren’t trained. Conducted a strange-situation test. The result was that 62 % of the infants with trained mothers showed secure attachment and 22 % of the other infants did. Infants can also become attached not only to mothers but also to fathers, grandparents, etc. Infants and toddlers become more securely attached to those who had been rated as responsive and warm. Developmental Effects of Quality of Attachment Psychologists theorized that the quality of an infant’s early attachment, strongly influences the child’s later development. Infants judged as securely attached were more self confident, better problem solvers, emotionally healthier, and more sociable in later childhood. Parents who are affectionate toward their children typically remain so throughout their child’s development. Even children who are adopted to warm, loving family did the same thing. Cross-Cultural Differences in Infant Care Sleeping Arrangement Mayan mothers slept with their children to promote family togetherness. US mothers let their kids sleep alone to avoid dependence and physical danger. The consequence of infants sleeping alone is their attachment to inanimate object such as a blankie or a teddy bear. To relieve their fear at night infants attach themselves to the softest, most comfortable mother substitute available. But this is just an additional attachment. Caregiving in Hunter-Gatherer Societies Kung infants spend most of their time during their first year in direct contact with their mother’s bodies. The Kung never leave an infant to cry alone. Efe culture, infants not only get care from their mother but also from siblings and other lactating women. However, at about 12 to 8 months Efe infants show increased preference over their own mother.
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Paternal involvement appears to be greater in hunter-gatherer societies. Issues of Indulgence and Dependence
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PSYC 1 taught by Professor Stuartantsis during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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PSYC 1 notes - Quality of Care affects the Quality of...

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