Unformatted text preview: han fear).! Basic Emotions!
Emotions consist of 3 components:!
1) a physiological response!
2) a behavioral response!
3) a subjective feeling! Paul Ekman proposed six basic emotional expressions
that are displayed in all cultures.!
This organizational scheme paired eight basic emotions as
opposites with different levels of intensity.!
What is the role of emotion? Creating associations between things that we are fearful of and the rest of the world. The amygdala has a lot of connections with the rest of the
brain. Appears that there are 6-8 basic universal emotional expressions: Anger, Fear, Disgust, Surprise, Happiness and Sadness. However, we have other emotions like love or
jealously, which linger for a long time, are complex and tend to be automatic. The basic have a core affect to them & a typical physiological response. They tend to be transient.
When we experience fear we have a bodily response that co-occurs with that subjective feeling (heart races, breathing rate increases, etc). The same thing occurs with
happiness or anger. Some of these organizational scheme will take these basic emotions and vary the valence of the emotion, so you can have a basic emotion like joy at a low valence would be
happiness, but at a high valence would be ecstasy. So most emotions appear on a continuum of strength. In order to be classiﬁed as an emotion, it must have 1) a
physiological response 2) a behavioral response & 3) subject feeling. Early Theories of Emotion Generation! Folk psychology!
The feeling leads to a physiological response.! James-Lange Theory!
The physiological response evokes a subjective
feeling.! Cannon-Bard Theory! Schacter’s Cognitive Theory! Physiological responses can be ambiguous. So,
physiological responses and subjective feelings are
simultaneous and independent. Later appraisal
theories suggest the brain must interpret the situation
to which emotion is appropriate.! Combines Cannon-Bard with appraisal theories. The
intensity of emotion can be affected by the
physiological responses and the brain must
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- Fall '11
- orbitofrontal cortex, physiological response