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Psy 123_Lec 13 Emotion

Cognitive centers can then modulate emotions through

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Unformatted text preview: the situation. Cognitive centers can then modulate emotions through feedback. ! How did these emotions arise? In order to feel happiness, what comes first? The physiological response or the cognitive recognition of happiness? Early on, it was believed that one would first have a feeling of fear that lead to the physiological response. It was then suggested by James-Lange that emotion occurs the opposite: we have a physiological response first, and then recognize that response as a particular emotion. The problem that a lot of researchers after James recognized is that there are a lot physiological responses that are ambiguous. The bodily response of fear are very similar to the bodily response of anger. The next theory, proposed by Cannon-Bard is that these two things are occurring together. The bodily response may be quicker, but still occurs at the same time. And then the system makes an appraisal interpretation of the bodily response and subjecting feeling. The Limbic System! These physiological reactions can be modulated depending on how we interpret the event, or the context of the event. Seeing the snake at the zoo is not as scary as seeing it on the mt path you are walking on. And the bodily response that you experience can be drastically different depending on the context. This led to a further evolution of this theory by Schacter, that the physiological response and subject feeling are coocurring together, but then the response is modulated. amygdala! orbitofrontal cortex! The major players emotion include the amygdala (almond shaped structure w/ extensive cortical connection) and the OBF (damage in Phineas Gage). Another structure that we are not going to talk about today is the insula. It is a piece of the cortex in the frontal lobes The Limbic System! Kluver-Bucy Syndrome! Bilateral removal of the temporal lobes in monkeys and cats - including the amygdala and hippocampus.! tame; flattening of emotions! failure to recognize common objects! extreme oral tendencie...
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