Unformatted text preview: the situation. Cognitive centers
can then modulate emotions through feedback. ! How did these emotions arise? In order to feel happiness, what comes ﬁrst?
The physiological response or the cognitive recognition of happiness?
Early on, it was believed that one would ﬁrst have a feeling of fear that lead
to the physiological response. It was then suggested by James-Lange that
emotion occurs the opposite: we have a physiological response ﬁrst, and
then recognize that response as a particular emotion. The problem that a lot of researchers after James recognized is that there are a lot physiological responses that are ambiguous. The bodily response of fear are very similar to
the bodily response of anger. The next theory, proposed by Cannon-Bard is that these two things are occurring together. The bodily response may be quicker, but still occurs at
the same time. And then the system makes an appraisal interpretation of the bodily response and subjecting feeling. The Limbic System! These physiological reactions can be modulated
depending on how we interpret the event, or the context
of the event. Seeing the snake at the zoo is not as
scary as seeing it on the mt path you are walking on.
And the bodily response that you experience can be
drastically different depending on the context. This led
to a further evolution of this theory by Schacter, that the
physiological response and subject feeling are
coocurring together, but then the response is
orbitofrontal cortex! The major players emotion include the amygdala
(almond shaped structure w/ extensive cortical
connection) and the OBF (damage in Phineas Gage).
Another structure that we are not going to talk about
today is the insula. It is a piece of the cortex in the
frontal lobes The Limbic System!
Bilateral removal of the temporal lobes in monkeys and cats - including
the amygdala and hippocampus.! tame; ﬂattening of emotions!
failure to recognize common
extreme oral tendencie...
View Full Document
- Fall '11
- orbitofrontal cortex, physiological response