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regulate the strength of memory. Extensive evidence
indicates that stress hormones released by the adrenal glands,
epinephrine and corticosterone (cortisol in humans) by
emotionally arousing experiences play an important role in
modulating memory.”! McGaugh & Roozendaal (2008) Modulation of memory. Scholarpedia, 3(6):3453.!
The amygdala is connected to other things, the other interesting structure that the amygdala is connected to is the hippocampus. It appears that it plays a role in
encoding the memories as well. Very important in the encoding of memories and can be inﬂuenced by processing in the amygdala, so stress hormone can have a
direct impact on the amygdala and can inﬂuence among other things. Memory Distortions Develop Over Time:
Recollections of the O.J. Simpson Trial Verdict After 15 and 32 Months
Schmolck, Buffalo, & Squire (2000) Psychological Science!
Subjects were questioned about their recollection of hearing
the verdict of the O.J. Simpson murder trial 3 days after the
event. Subjects were again questioned about their recollections
either 15 or 32 months after the verdict. Distortions between
the two recollections were analyzed.
Major distortion (Subject M.G.):!
Recollection (3 days): I was in the Commuter
Lounge at Revelle College and saw it on T.V. As
10:00 approached, more and more people came into
the room. We kept having to turn up the volume,
but it was kind of cool. Everyone was talking.! Recollection (32 months): I ﬁrst heard it while I was
watching TV. At home in my living room. My sister
and father were with me. Doing nothing in particular,
eating and watching how the news station was
covering different groups of viewers just waiting to
hear the verdict. I think that the focus was mostly on
law students and their reactions to the verdict.! Over time, the only factor that was
related to the accuracy of the
memory was the emotional reaction.!...
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- Fall '11
- orbitofrontal cortex, physiological response