Psy 123_Lec 16 Social Cognition

That seems to be the basis of moral judgment so

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Unformatted text preview: oral actions were wrong, you have to have a belief, or attribute belief to that agent. Were they intending to do harm or not? That seems to be the basis of moral judgment. So questioned what part of the brain is most sensitive to making that belief attribution of intent to someone else. Found that the right TPJ was more active when making action of belief than in any other region. The way they did this in this study is they read moral scenarios to subjects while they were in the scanner Specialized Brain Mechanisms for Theory of Mind & Moral Reasoning ! The moral reasoning problem used in the Young & Saxe fMRI study:! Grace and her friend are taking a tour of a chemical plant. When Grace goes over to the coffee machine to pour some coffee, Grace's friend asks for some sugar in hers. There is white powder in a container by the coffee.! The white powder is a very toxic left behind by a scientist, and therefore deadly when ingested in any form.! The container is labeled “sugar”, so Grace believes that the white powder by the coffee is sugar. ! Grace puts the substance in her friend's coffee. Her friend drinks the coffee and dies.! Putting the substance in was: permissible or forbidden?! The agent’s belief and intention was positive (B+),! !but the outcome was negative (O-).! The one group of people who will not answer in this way are child. They will say it is morally forbidden because they are stuck on the outcome of the situation b/c they haven't yet developed theory of mind type of thinking and don't take other peoples actions into account. Specialized Brain Mechanisms for Theory of Mind & Moral Reasoning ! The moral reasoning problem used in the Young & Saxe fMRI study:! Grace and her friend are taking a tour of a chemical plant. When Grace goes over to the coffee machine to pour some coffee, Grace's friend asks for some sugar in hers. There is white powder in a container by the coffee.! The white powder is just the regular sugar that the scientists use every day, and is therefore perfectly safe to have in coffee.! The container is labeled “toxic”, so Grace believes that the white powder is toxic substance left behind by a scientist.! Grace puts the substance in her friend's coffee. Her friend drinks the coffee and is fine.! Putting the substance in was: permissible or forbidden?! The agent’s belief and intention was negative (B-),! !but the outcome was positive (O+).! Specialized Brain Mechanisms for Theory of Mind & Moral Reasoning ! Given that belief attributions tend to be lateralized to the right hemisphere, then . . .! Pulled out bold signal and seemed to lateralized to the right hemisphere. If this beliefattribution is really important for making these types of judgments, if it is presented to the splitbrain patients, how would they respond? And would they be a consequentialists just like a little kid? Tried on split brain patients and found that they answered according to the outcome of situation, rather than belief-theory-of-mind. . . . are split-brain patients are conse...
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