Bayam.2007.MTVs Coverage of the 2004 Presidential Election

G bennett et al 1985 bishop 2004 hindman 2005 building

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Unformatted text preview: 2005; van Zoonen, 2005). Rather than invoking a banal nostalgia for an idealized past, this study recognizes that the very paradigm of journalism as practiced over the past 80 years has become unfixed, increasingly violated from within and questioned from without (e.g. Bennett et al., 1985; Bishop, 2004; Hindman, 2005). Building on the seminal work of Kuhn, Bennett et al. (1985, p. 54) define a paradigm as ‘‘a set of broadly shared assumptions about how to gather and interpret information relevant to a particular sphere of activity.’’ Although a paradigm is often equated with a particular set of routines and practices, Kuhn (1962, p. 175) suggested a paradigm is a system of intertwined methodological and theoretical assumptions, an ‘‘entire constellation of beliefs, values, techniques, and so on shared by members of a given community.’’ The allocation of authority is one critical element of any journalistic paradigm. Bennett et al. (1985, p. 53) argue that journalism is guided by a ‘‘logic that determines who ought to be given public voice to say what kinds of things.’’ Paradigms unequally confer epistemic warrant * the presumption that what one says is true. Kuhn’s thesis, of course, is that paradigms are always subject to revolution. The last revolution in journalistic authority, Rosen (2003) suggests, came in the mid-20th century with the emergence of a professional paradigm, a product of the high-modern age and its faith in social rationalization, scientific method, and professional expertise (see Hallin, 2000). Reconceptualized as neither author nor partisan advocate, the professional journalist was expected to be a neutral expert who maintained clear distinctions between science and politics, fact and value, objectivity and subjectivity (Williams and Delli Carpini, 2003). Shaped by ‘‘a desire to escape the merely local and contingent’’ (Carey, 1995, p. 387), the authoritative journalist claimed a universal vantage point from which to transcend the limitations of personal and cultural subjectivities in pursuit of objective truth. Carey suggests the professionalization of journalism oc...
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