In complex societies functions of law belong to legal

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Unformatted text preview: community life. Band Societies Small group of people (20 to 50) Related by blood or marriage Live together and are loosely associated with a territory in which they forage Egalitarian Band Leadership: Decision-making is by consensus. Leaders are older men and women. Leaders cannot enforce their decisions; They can only persuade. Sharing and generosity are important sources of respect. Band Societies: Social Order Maintained by gossip, ridicule, and avoidance. Offenders may be controlled through ritual means such as public confessions. Offender is defined as a patient rather than a criminal. Tribal Societies Members consider themselves descended from the same ancestor. Found primarily among pastoralists and horticulturalists. Egalitarian Leadership: Bigman (position established through personal achievements as opposed to holding office) Tribal Societies – Leadership Mechanisms An age set is a named group of people of similar age and sex who move through life’s stages together In a society with age grades, individuals follow a progression through a series of statuses, such as: childhood warrior adult seniors Tribal Societies Tribes have a variety of mechanisms for controlling behavior and settling conflicts. Compensation is a payment demanded to compensate for damage Mediation is used to resolve disputes so that harmony is restored State Societies Central government wit...
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2014 for the course ANTH 200 taught by Professor Daniel during the Spring '10 term at Clarkson University .

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