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Unformatted text preview: community life. Band Societies Small group of people (20 to 50)
Related by blood or marriage
Live together and are loosely associated with a territory in
which they forage
Egalitarian Band Leadership: Decision-making is by consensus.
Leaders are older men and women.
Leaders cannot enforce their decisions; They can only
Sharing and generosity are important sources of respect. Band Societies: Social Order Maintained by gossip, ridicule, and avoidance.
Offenders may be controlled through ritual means
such as public confessions.
Offender is defined as a patient rather than a
criminal. Tribal Societies Members consider themselves descended from the
Found primarily among pastoralists and
Leadership: Bigman (position established through personal achievements as
opposed to holding office) Tribal Societies – Leadership Mechanisms An age set is a named group of people of similar age and sex who
move through life’s stages together In a society with age grades, individuals follow a
progression through a series of statuses, such
seniors Tribal Societies Tribes have a variety of mechanisms for controlling
behavior and settling conflicts. Compensation is a payment demanded to compensate for damage Mediation is used to resolve disputes so that harmony is restored State Societies Central government wit...
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2014 for the course ANTH 200 taught by Professor Daniel during the Spring '10 term at Clarkson University .
- Spring '10