Egalitarian societies 2 rank societies 3

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Unformatted text preview: ieties No individual or group has more access to resources, power, or prestige than any other. No fixed number of social positions for which individuals must compete. Associated with bands (foragers) and tribes (horticulturalists). Rank Society Institutionalized differences in prestige but no restrictions on access to basic resources. Individuals obtain what they need to survive through their kinship group. Associated with chiefdoms (horticulture or pastoral societies with a surplus of food). In a chiefdom the primary method of exchange is redistribution through the chief. Stratified/State Society Formal, permanent, social and economic inequality. Some people are denied access to basic resources. Characterized by differences in standard of living, security, prestige and political power. Use market systems of exchange. Based on agriculture and industrialism. Types of Societies – Quick Review (subsistence strategy, type of social differentiation, method of exchange) Bands Tribes are horticulturalists or herders and generally egalitarian and balanced reciprocity is their major means of exchange. Chiefdoms are foragers, usually egalitarian, and exchange goods through generalized reciprocity. are rank s...
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