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Unformatted text preview: ieties No individual or group has more access to
resources, power, or prestige than any other. No fixed number of social positions for which
individuals must compete. Associated with bands (foragers) and tribes
(horticulturalists). Rank Society Institutionalized differences in prestige but no
restrictions on access to basic resources. Individuals obtain what they need to survive through
their kinship group. Associated with chiefdoms (horticulture or pastoral
societies with a surplus of food). In a chiefdom the primary method of exchange is
redistribution through the chief. Stratified/State Society Formal, permanent, social and economic inequality.
Some people are denied access to basic resources.
Characterized by differences in standard of living,
security, prestige and political power.
Use market systems of exchange.
Based on agriculture and industrialism. Types of Societies – Quick Review (subsistence strategy, type of social differentiation, method of exchange) Bands Tribes are horticulturalists or herders and generally egalitarian
and balanced reciprocity is their major means of
exchange. Chiefdoms are foragers, usually egalitarian, and exchange goods
through generalized reciprocity. are rank s...
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- Spring '10