2027 - Collection of ALL Notes in Class: Lectures 1-10...

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Collection of ALL Notes in Class: Lectures 1-10 Class 1: Islamic Empires and Renaissance Europe We focus on Empires, we live in the world of Nation-States Very eclectic, value diversity 1 mold, 1 type of people Muslim empires 1690, went to war with each other, not monolithic though Islam is not monolithic, very diverse beliefs Islam derived from “submission to the will of God” o Muslim: one who does this o “People of the book”, monotheists, old and new testament in their cannon but they believe Muhammad came in 7 th century. Jesus is prophet but not Messiah. 1 st major religion in modern world so a lot written about Muhammad’s life. Islam spreads quickly- Muhammad dies 632, huge following in Mecca and Medina, in 25 years spreads from Africa to Persia, in 100 years to Portugal and Spain to India A lot spread via conquest but some from merchant trade. o Simple and pure faith, Muhammad was a merchant o In days after his death, Islam splits: Sunni: Majority Shia: Concentrated in Iran, Iraq, Syria Sunni They show fundamental beliefs but they have political differences, who will take on leadership? o Leader should be elected, that’s what happened The Caliph/Imam 1 st one was Abu Bakar (more like protestants, saints are mystical) o They embrace the hadith (stories of Muhammad’s life after his death) as a core of their faith o Ottoman Shia Leader should stay in Muhammad’s bloodline or someone appointed by Muhammad or God. They think leadership should have gone to his son in law Ali. They think their leader is infallible, and venerate their Imams like saints (like Catholics, saints are healing) Persian Tension rises among the two groups Complicate affair to Europe, very eclectic empires As Europe moved to Dark Ages and rejected polytheism, Arabs found texts of Greeks and saved them.
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o Led to rediscovery of texts and start of the Renaissance after interaction with non Muslims Italian cities did a lot of trade with Eastern Med. Sea, that teaches Italian cities to make money o Based on a lot of interaction with them, very layered relationships o Venice colonies borders Ottoman empire, connections with Islamic world (Turkish) Ottoman Empire (1299-1923) Pre-Ottoman was Byzantine empire (orthodox Christian) In 14 th century Turks expand into weakened Byzantine o Ottoman expanded huge, concerned Venice but opened up trade in opposition of major rulers o Selim I, Osman I 1453 Mehmet II conquers Constantinople and renames it Istanbul, makes it the capital of Ottoman o Huge church turned into a Mosque, layering of empire over old one 1520: Istanbul pop 400,000 o 16 mill. in empire 2 Major Periods 1 st : 1453-1566 1566- Ottoman Zenith of power in land acquisition o Very effective leaders, innovative, strong military and naval forces, good fighters o First contact with Venetians, Pope orders forbidding Christian states to deal w/ ottomans but Venetians defied these orders. Venetian Docks
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 104 taught by Professor Vella during the Spring '08 term at Wake Forest.

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2027 - Collection of ALL Notes in Class: Lectures 1-10...

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