Archaeology Sites

Archaeology Sites - Archaeology Sites Chapter 3 1. Tyuonyi-...

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Archaeology Sites Chapter 3 1. Tyuonyi- New Mexico, near Santa Fe 2. A.D. 1450 3. Ruins of a Pueblo city that was attacked by the Navajos. Pottery fragments, arrow-heads, grinding slabs and grinders. 4. Shows how empathetic approaches can be important in recreating the pueblo society; through the eyes of participants and modern Native Americans. Ch. 16 1. Mulberry Row; Monticello, Virginia 2. 1770-80 3. Remains of houses and workhouses for Jefferson’s slaves. 4. Smaller houses actually showed an increase of status, due to the fact that only one family lived there. Archaeologically, this is shown by the number of ‘sub-floor pit’ cellars, which are used to store possessions. 1. African Burial Ground; NYC 2. 1712-1790 3. Around 400 African American skeletons found underneath a parking lot; many were shown to be between 15 to 20 years old. Evidence of enlarged muscle attachments and cranial/spinal fractures were apparent in the remains. 4. These slaves showed signs of lives involving high physical stress, yet had more evidence of nutrition than Africans. Less likely to live as long as English settlers; shows how lost history can be recovered through archaeology. 1. Fort Mose; Florida (50 miles south of fl/ga border) 2. 1670 3. Lost site where African –Americans lived for free, under the protection of the Spanish government. 4. Gives an opportunity to re-examine the role of African Americans during the colonial days. Did they adapt to Spanish culture or try to revive their African culture? 1. Little Bighorn (river in Montana) 2. June 25, 1875 3. Remnants of the battle, including rifles and bullet cartridges. 4. Bullets were not found in patterns, implying chaotic fighting rather than structured formations. Shows the difference between the colonists’ representations of the battle versus the natives’ tales. Ch. 17 1. Slack Farm; Northern Kentucky 2. 500yrs old 3. Mississippian cemetery (mound builders); human skeletons and strong evidence of looting activity (600 graves were disturbed). 4. Led to harsher laws protecting archaeological sites (Native American).
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1. Kennewick; Washington 2. 9400 year old 3. Skeletal remains of a man that had physical attributes similar to Europeans. 4. What qualifies as a Native American? From the skeletal evidence, NAGPRA shows no evidence that the man is an indigenous relative of a current tribe (also due to the lack of artifacts around the body itself). Antiquities Act p. 441; passed in 1906, this act requires federal permits before excavating or collecting artifacts on federal land, established a permitting process, and gave the president the authority to create national monuments. Ch. 18 1. The Garbage Project; Tucson, Arizona pp. 168-170 2. 1952-1989 3. 12 metric tons of debris 4. Paper takes up the largest percentage of trash (40-50%). 1. Bighorn medicine wheel; river in Wyoming
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Archaeology Sites - Archaeology Sites Chapter 3 1. Tyuonyi-...

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