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shorter classification should be tabulated in the columns.
Stubs or Row Designations:
Stubs stands for brief and self explanatory headings of
horizontal rows. Normally, a relatively more important
classification is given in rows. Also a variable with a large number
of classes is usually represented in rows. For example, rows may
stand for score of classes and columns for data related to sex of
students. In the process, there will be many rows for scores classes
but only two columns for male and female students.
A model structure of a table is given below:
Table Number Stub Sub- Headings Sub
Heading Title of the Table Caption Headings Total Caption Sub-Headings Body Total
The body of the table contains the numerical information of
frequency of observations in the different cells. This arrangement
of data is according to the discription of captions and stubs.
Footnotes are given at the foot of the table for explanation
of any fact or information included in the table which needs some
explanation. Thus, they are meant for explaining or providing
further details about the data, that have not been covered in title,
captions and stubs.
Sources of data:
Lastly one should also mention the source of information
from which data are taken. This may preferably include the name
of the author, volume, page and the year of publication. This should
also state whether the data contained in the table is of ‘ primary or
Requirements of a Good Table:
A good statistical table is not merely a careless grouping of
columns and rows but should be such that it summarizes the total
information in an easily accessible form in minimum possible
space. Thus while preparing a table, one must have a clear idea of
the information to be presented, the facts to be compared and he
points to be stressed.
Though, there is no hard and fast rule for forming a table
yet a few general point should be kept in mind:
1. A table should be formed in kee...
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- Winter '08