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Unformatted text preview: ers the breakeven point. The
combined effect of increasing all three variables (action 4) also results in an
increased operating breakeven point.
We now turn our attention to the three types of leverage. It is important to
recognize that the demonstrations of leverage that follow are conceptual in
nature and that the measures presented are not routinely used by financial managers for decision-making purposes. operating leverage
The potential use of fixed operating costs to magnify the effects
of changes in sales on the firm’s
earnings before interest and
taxes. Operating Leverage
Operating leverage results from the existence of fixed operating costs in the firm’s
income stream. Using the structure presented in Table 12.2, we can define operating leverage as the potential use of fixed operating costs to magnify the effects of
changes in sales on the firm’s earnings before interest and taxes. FIGURE 12.2
Breakeven analysis and
operating leverage Sales
Revenue 16,000 Costs/Revenues ($) 14,000
IT EB 10,000
($2,500) Loss 4,000 Fixed
Cost 2,000 0 500 1,000 1,500 Q1 Q2 2,000 Sales (units) 2,500 3,000 CHAPTER 12 TABL...
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