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Unformatted text preview: er secured loans less risky than unsecured loans. In addition, negotiating and
administering secured loans is more troublesome for the lender than negotiating
and administering unsecured loans. The lender therefore normally requires added
compensation in the form of a service charge, a higher interest rate, or both. Institutions Extending Secured Short-Term Loans commercial finance companies
Lending institutions that make
only secured loans—both shortterm and long-term—to
businesses. The primary sources of secured short-term loans to businesses are commercial
banks and finance companies. Both institutions deal in short-term loans secured
primarily by accounts receivable and inventory. The operations of commercial
banks have already been described. Commercial finance companies are lending
institutions that make only secured loans—both short-term and long-term—to
businesses. Unlike banks, finance companies are not permitted to hold deposits.
Only when its unsecured and secured short-term borrowing power from the
commercial bank is exhausted will a borrower turn to the commercial finance
company for additional secured borrowing. Because the finance company generally ends up with higher-risk borrowers, its interest charges on secured shortterm loans are usually higher than those of commercial banks. The leading U.S.
commercial finance companies include the CIT Group and GE Capital. The Use of Accounts Receivable as Collateral
Two commonly used means of obtaining short-term financing with accounts
receivable are pledging accounts receivable and factoring accounts receivable.
Actually, only a pledge of accounts receivable creates a secured short-term loan;
factoring really entails the sale of accounts receivable at a discount. Although factoring is not actually a form of secured short-term borrowing, it does involve the
use of accounts receivable to obtain needed short-term funds. Pledging Accounts Receivable
pledge of accounts receivable
The use of a firm’s accounts
receivable as security, or collateral, to obtain a sho...
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