Phil121NB3 - WORKBOOK #3 10/25/07 - Crito Outline Euthyphro...

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WORKBOOK #3 10/25/07 - Crito Outline Euthyphro Meno Descartes I Descartes II Singer – Charity Singer – Animal rights Corporate Social Responsibility God Plato (428 B.C ~ 348 B.C) wrote “5 dialogues” student of Socrates Socrates (470 B.C ~ 399 B.C) When Chaerephon asked the Oracle at Delphi, Oracle said “None is wiser than Socrates” A religious man who spent most of his time at agora : marketplace symbolic of Socrates’ open mind Charged of disbelief in Gods and the corruption of the young Crito A conversation between Socrates and his friend Crito who tries to save Socrates’s life The interlocutor in Plato’s dialogue “Crito” Crito’s argument P1 If you choose to stay, you choose to die P2 If you die, you betray your sons P3 You choose the easiest path P4 One should choose the path a good and courageous man would choose, when you claim to care for virtue [P5] Choosing death is the easiest path [P6] By choosing the easiest path, you betray your sons P7 Socrates is one who chooses not to betray virtue [P8] Betraying sons is unvirtuous ■ C1 Choosing death is not virtuous [P9] Being unvirtuous is being unjust ■ C2 Socrates, you are acting unjust and being unvirtuous by choosing death.
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P50-1 Socrates argument P1 We should value good opinions P2 Good opinions are those of wise men [P3] Wise men are always in the know [P4] Most are unwise ■ C1 Few are in the know P5 Few understand justice and injustice ■ C2 You should only listen to those who are wise Socrates should leave because o He is betraying his sons. o He tries to be virtuous o Other people will look badly upon it Critical responses o It was an unjust decision o Laws dictate justice o Two wrong don’t make a right o Laws can be wrong o If we disagree, how do we decide what’s just? Martin Luther King → “Justice is whatever is moral” o Justice is higher than the law o Inconsistent Homework #1 Read the Euthyphro Define justice (its extensions, intensions) Defining justice 1. Find the term you want to define JUSTICE 2. Find the extensions of the term you want to define Justice – {social justice, legal, academic, familial, spiritual, bureaucratic, criminal} 3. Find the common between the extensional definitions Righteous, Fair
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Definition of Justice – The quality or state of being righteous and fair 10/30/2007 – Analysis of Philosophical Arguments I Euthyphro o A well known person on religious matters o His name implies a ‘straight thinker’ o He has made a charge against his father for an accidental death of a servant accused of murder. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course PHIL 121 taught by Professor Wretzel during the Fall '07 term at Binghamton University.

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Phil121NB3 - WORKBOOK #3 10/25/07 - Crito Outline Euthyphro...

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