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A gerund is the -ing form of the verb used as a noun. Like nouns, gerunds can be subjects or objects:
—Playing golf is fun.
—We’re used to having a lot of fun.
In the second example, the gerund having is the object of the preposition to. This pattern is fairly frequent in
By is often used with gerunds to describe how something is done:
—By calling the office, you’ll be able to know what’s going on.
Here are a number of common verbs followed by gerunds:
finish—They finished working at 6 p.m.
stop—I stopped calling you at midnight.
quit—They quit eating for 24 hours.
avoid—You can’t avoid answering the question.
keep (on)—They will keep on studying.
enjoy—My neighbor enjoys walking his dog.
appreciate—She would appreciate hearing from you.
mind—Do they mind selling their car?
NOTE: Go is followed by a gerund in certain idiomatic expressions related to sports and physical activities.
—Did they go shopping yeste...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2014 for the course ENG 99 taught by Professor Michal during the Winter '13 term at CSU Sacramento.
- Winter '13