Rel 232 for Islam

Rel 232 for Islam - What is Islam and how is it related to...

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related to Judaism and  Christianity? Islam = “peace,” “submission” Muslim = “submitter” Not “Mohammedanism” Abraham’s two sons: Isaac   the Hebrews (Judaism   Christianity) Ishmael   the Arabs (Islam) Islam respects the two earlier Abrahamic religions  as “Peoples of the Book”
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Who was Muhammad b. 570 CE, d. 632 CE Prophet/founder; human, not divine Lived in Arabia, near Mecca Orphaned by age 6, raised by grandfather and uncle Worked as a caravan driver for a woman – Khadija – 15  years his senior Age 25: accepted offer to marry Khadija Sired six children, only one daughter – Fatimah – had  children of her own Age 40:  Revelation begins  610 CE, continues throughout  remainder of the Prophet’s life
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What is the Qur’an? Qur’an = “recite,” “recitation” Holy book of Islam Revealed to Muhammad by God through angel Gabriel Written piecemeal by scribes during or shortly after  Muhammad’s life Compiled as a whole about 20 years after Muhammad’s  death Comprised of 114 chapters (called surahs) Hadith and Sunnah (stories, sayings, and traditions of  Muhammad) Qur’an + Hadith and Sunnah = Shariah (Islamic Law)
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The Development of Islam Early persecution by Meccans
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