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Unformatted text preview: ﺘﻔﻜﯿ ﺮ، وأﻧﻤ ﺎط‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﻜﯿﺮ ھﺬه ﺗﺤﺘﺎج اﻟﻰ ﻣﻤﺎرﺳﺔ وﺗﻤ ﺮﯾﻦ ﻟﺘﺜﺒﯿﺘﮭ ﺎ ﻓ ﻲ اﻟﻌﻘ ﻞ. وھ ﺬه‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﺴﻠﺔ )ﻣﺮاﺣﻞ اﻟﻘ ﺮاءة( ﺗ ﺘﻠﺨﺺ ﻓ ﻲ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿ ﺎت اﻟﺴ ﺒﻊ اﻷﺳﺎﺳ ﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﯿﺔ:‬ ‫1. اﻟﺘﻤﯿﯿﺰ: ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﻘﺎرئ ﻟﻠﺮﻣﻮ ِ اﻷﺑﺠﺪﯾﺔ )اﻷﺣﺮف( .‬ ‫ز‬ ‫2. اﻹﺳﺘﯿﻌﺎب: اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ اﻟﻄﺒﯿﻌﯿﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺤﺺ واﻟﻔﮭﻢ .‬ ‫3. اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻣ ﻞ اﻟ ﺪاﺧﻠﻲ : اﻟﻔﮭ ﻢ اﻷﺳﺎﺳ ﻲ اﻟﻤﺴ ﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﻣ ﻦ اﻟﻤ ﺎدة‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺮوءة، ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪَ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺿﺌﯿﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺨﺒﺮات اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ واﻟﺘ ﻲ ﻟ ﯿﺲ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﮭﺎ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮاﻋﺪ واﻟﻤﻔﺮدات اﻟﻠﻐﻮﯾﺔ.‬ ‫4. اﻟﺘﻜﺎﻣ ﻞ اﻟﺨ ﺎرﺟﻲ )اﻹﺿ ﺎﻓﻲ( : اﻟﺘﺤﻠﯿ ﻞ واﻟﻨﻘ ﺪ واﻟﺘﻘ ﺪﯾﺮ‬ ‫واﻹﺧﺘﯿ ﺎر واﻟ ﺮﻓﺾ، ھ ﺬه ﻛﻠﮭ ﺎ ﻧﺸ ﺎﻃﺎت ﺗﺘﻄﻠ ﺐ ﻣ ﻦ اﻟﻘ ﺎرئ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺟﻮع اﻟﻰ اﻟﺘﺠﺎرب واﻟﺨﺒﺮات اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﺛﯿﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﮭﻤﺔ.‬ ‫11‬ ‫5. اﻹﺣﺘﻔﺎظ : ھﻲ اﻟﻘﺪرة ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺨﺰﯾﻦ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت ﻓﻲ اﻟﺬاﻛﺮة.‬ ‫6. اﻹﺳ ﺘﺪﻋﺎء )اﻟﺘ ﺬﻛﺮ( : اﻟﻘ ﺪرة ﻋﻠ ﻰ إﺳ ﺘﻌﺎدة اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣ ﺎت ﻣ ﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺬاﻛﺮة .‬ ‫7. اﻹﺗﺼﺎل: ھﺬا ﯾﻤﺜﻞ ﺗﻄﺒﯿﻖ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت، وﯾﻘﺴ ﻢ اﻷﺗﺼ ﺎل اﻟ ﻰ‬ ‫أرﺑﻊ أﺻﻨﺎف :‬ ‫* إﺗﺼﺎل ﻣﻜﺘﻮب.‬ ‫* إﺗﺼﺎل ﻣﻨﻄﻮق.‬ ‫* إﺗﺼ ﺎ...
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This document was uploaded on 01/19/2014.

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