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Sampling Universe Sampling Population:
Sampling Sampling Frame Representative sample Random sampling Doing the Survey
Education and morality are variables. Variables How can we study morality and education? Can we just go out and fine them? Doing the Survery (II) Operationalization
Morality is concept. It is an abstract thing. What are some indicators of morality? Must operationalize your study. Doing the Survey (III) Operationalization
Something that can be measured. Indicators that can be measured. Booth operationalized what constitutes
poverty. Doing the Survey (IV) – Levels
Variables: Qualities on which units of
analysis 4 levels of measurements when
operationalizing a concept into an indicator
operationalizing Nominal and Ordinal – categorical variables Interval and Ratio – numerical variables. Doing the Survey (V) –
Made up of a set of attributes that Form a category, but Do not necessarily represent a numerical
scale of measure.
scale Two levels: Nominal and Ordinal Doing the Survey (VI) – Nominal
Assigning numbers to a classification of
characteristics. No inherent ordering or ranking in the
classification People in different categories differ from
each other, but it is not meaningful to place
categories in order or to rank one above the
other. Nominal Example 1.
4. What is your r...
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- Winter '14
- Level of measurement, Charles Booth