KIN 3515 biochemistry

5 introductiontochemicalreactions generalform

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Unformatted text preview: putting molecules together to make bigger molecules amino acids ­­­­­­­­> proteins glucose ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­> glycogen 4.5 Introduction to Chemical Reactions General Form Reactants Products A + B ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­> C + D Endergonic Reactions energy must be added for reaction to occur products have more energy than reactants e.g., ADP + Pi + Energy ­­­­­> ATP 4.6 Introduction to Chemical Reactions Exergonic Reactions give off energy C6H12O6 reactants have more Total Amount of Energy Released e.g. Creatine­Phos. ­­­­> Cr + Pi + Energy energy that is released is the same whether the Free Energy energy than products chemical process was one step or many 6CO2 + 6H2O 4.7 Introduction to Chemical Reactions II Coupled Reactions In coupled reactions, energy from an exergonic reaction "drives" an endergonic reaction 4.8 Adenosine Triphosphate NH2 N C C C C O O O || || || N ­ O­P~O­P~O­P~O­ CH2 O | | | ­ ­ ­ O O O HH H OH OH N N CH H Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleotide composed of an adenine molecule a s...
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