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Unformatted text preview: ugar molecule (ribose) and three phosphate groups
ATP is broken down to Adenosine diphosphate in a hydrolysis reaction which produces energy to power many eventsin the body:
ATP + H2O > ADP + Pi + Energy 4.9 ATP: The Energy Currency nergy Requiring Processes ATP Hydrolysis
ATP + H20 ADP + Pi ATP serves as the universal energy donor.
The energy derived from the breakdown of fuels (exergonic
reaction) drives the formation of ATP (endergonic reaction).
The ATP in turn is hydrolyzed and the resultant energy is used by the cell for a variety of processes such as:
1) Na+/K+ Pump, 2) Muscle Contraction, 3) Ca2+ Pump .10 Introduction to Chemical Reactions III Irreversible Reactions
can only proceed in one direction: A + B C+ D Reversible Reactions
can proceed in either direction A + B C + D 4.11 Oxidation/Reduction Reactions Oxidationreduction reactions are those in which electrons (e) are transferred from one molecule to another. Reduced A
Oxidation: A:e Oxidized A
A + e Oxidized B
Reduction: B + e Reduced B B:e Combined: A:e + B A + B:e...
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2014 for the course KIN 3515 taught by Professor Nelson during the Fall '09 term at LSU.
- Fall '09