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Pol Ec Bus- COMM2402- First Assignment What is Politics

Pol Ec Bus- COMM2402- First Assignment What is Politics -...

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ELLIOTTclinton­3439534­P.E.B.­COMM2402­ Minor Essay­What is Politics 08­04­13 What is politics? The traditional definition of politics is reflected in the views of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle who defines politics as a certain way of organizing those of a certain community or society. In essence, it’s the static organization and dynamic organizing of relationships between individuals and groups. (Miller 2011). Politics is a power relationship between the individual and society. traditionally a communal rationality designed to govern the rules that effect society. As society evolves, institutions are formed such as the common household, enterprises, the Government, or loose groups like lobbies. Faucault explores a basic concept of politics as ‘the government of men by men’ involving a specific type of rationality which excludes violence. He continues by offering this rationality as existing in smaller relationships such as adults over children, men over women, and a bureaucracy over a population (Faucault, 1987:253). According to Sartori, society and politics interplay between one another in two ways ‘(1) the state of the organization of knowledge, and (2) the degree of structure differentiation in human collectives’ (Satori 1973:5). Within this context, open communication and relationships are fundamental in the application of politics. ‘This most difficult knot to unravel is that between the sphere of politics and the sphere of society’ (Sartori:6). Human interactions and the structuring of society have evolved hand­in­hand with politics and building effective relationships and communicating these is the main purpose of both. The mechanisms of politics are continually negotiated between social actors. These actors are able to exercise varying degrees and types of power. In government, politics is about creating policies and electing actors to represent contrasting ideas for these. The politics of government creates a mindset to help others understand the rationality of decisions: ‘They might aim to foster patriotism or cosmopolitanism to produce a nation or to integrate it with others’ (Dean, 2007: 8). In the same way, many different constitutional programmes have been created as actors to govern society.
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