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Structured observation involves presenting an

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Unformatted text preview: 3 3. Structured Observation   Involves presenting an identical situation to a number of children and recording each child’s behavior   Limitation   Does not provide as much information about children’s subjective experiences -enables direct comparisons of different childrens behaviors -making it possible to establisj the generality of bheavior across different tasks limitation: doesnt provide much info about child's subjective experience; doesnt provide a natural situation C. Correlational & Causation   The primary goal of studies that use correlational designs is to determine how variables are related to one another.   A correlation is the association between two variables.   The direction and strength of a correlation is measured by a statistic called the correlation coefficient. Correlations 4 5/15/13 Correlation ≠ Causation!   Direction-of-causation problem   Third-variable problem Experimental Designs   Allow inferences about causes and effects   Rely on random assignment Experimental Designs   Experimental control refers to the ability of the researcher to determine the specific experiences that children have during th...
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