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Unformatted text preview: 3 3. Structured Observation
Involves presenting an
identical situation to a
number of children and
recording each child’s
Does not provide as
much information about
experiences -enables direct comparisons of different childrens behaviors
-making it possible to establisj the generality of bheavior
across different tasks limitation: doesnt provide much info about child's subjective
experience; doesnt provide a natural situation C. Correlational & Causation
The primary goal of studies that
use correlational designs is to
determine how variables are
related to one another. A correlation is the association
between two variables.
The direction and strength of a
correlation is measured by a statistic
called the correlation coefficient. Correlations 4 5/15/13 Correlation ≠ Causation!
Direction-of-causation problem Third-variable problem Experimental Designs
Allow inferences about causes
and effects Rely on random assignment Experimental Designs
Experimental control refers to the ability
of the researcher to determine the specific
experiences that children have during th...
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2014 for the course PSYCH 302 taught by Professor Whitneyweikum during the Fall '13 term at University of British Columbia.
- Fall '13