Piagets theory is vague about the cognitive processes

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Unformatted text preview: e consistent than it is.   Infants and young children are more cognitively competent than Piaget recognized.   Piaget’s theory understates the contribution of the social world to cognitive development.   Piaget’s theory is vague about the cognitive processes that give rise to children’s thinking and about the mechanisms that produce cognitive growth. II. Core-Knowledge Theories A. View of Children’s Nature B. Central Developmental Issues III. Core-Knowledge Theories   Emphasize the sophistication of infants’ and young children’s thinking in areas that have been important throughout human evolutionary history. 2 characteristic features of research inspired by core knowledge theories: -focus on areas that have been important throughout hman evolutionary history -young children reason in ways that are considerably more advanced than Piaget suggested were possible 18 5/13/13 A. View of Children’s Nature   Like Piagetian and information-processing theories, core-knowledge theories depict children as active learners, constantly striving to solve problems and to organize their understanding into coherent wholes. Specialized Learning Mechanisms   Evidence for specialized learning mechanisms:   Face Perception:   face perception: from birth onward, infants prefer looking at faces over other objects language: the universality of language acquisition and the role that the LH plays in processing grammar provide evidence for specialized mechanism for learning language Language: B. Central Developmental Issues   -however, core-knowledge theorists view children as entering the world with specialized learning abiltiies that allow them to quickly and effortlessly acquire info of evolutionary importance -limited to a particular area, such as living things or inanimate objects 1. Domain Specificity   The basic understandings proposed by coreknowledge theorists are assumed to be domainspecific 19 5/13/13 2. Children’s Informal Theories   A number of core-knowledge theorists have proposed that young children actively organize their understanding of the most important domains into naïve theories. Naive Theories   these informal theories share important characteristics with formal scientific theories: -identify fundamental units for dividing up the vast number of objects and events in the world -explain many particular phenomena in terms of a few basic principles -explain events in terms of unobservable causes -it also appears that the first theories of psychology and bio may emerge at about 18 months and 3 years of age Recent evidence suggests that infants begin life with a primitive theory of physics. Educational Applications of Core-Knowledge Theories   Findings regarding children’s naïve theories of biology can be used to help children gain a more advanced understanding of the subject.   By the time children enter kindergarten, their theory of unobservable causes can be built upon to teach more complex concepts.   The process o...
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2014 for the course PSYCH 302 taught by Professor Whitneyweikum during the Fall '13 term at University of British Columbia.

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