10_13_indian_classical_music

Not simply scales not entirely melodies something else

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Unformatted text preview: melodic modes used in Indian Classical music. a scale of pitches (>=5), ordered separately for ascending and descending direction individual, stylized ornaments on each pitch hundreds of types of Ragas. Raga Note Names Raga the 7 note names in Indian music (similar to Western solfege): sa re ga ma pa dha ni (sa) Raga Karivani, Kapi and Todi Raga Listen to the examples of three types of Raga; Karivani, Kapi, and Todi The performer will sing the raga up and down twice, first without the usual ornaments and then adding them. What do you hear going on in each raga? Based on your knowledge of Indonesian scales and possible some knowledge of Western scales, how do these ragas compare? Raga Karivani Raga the 7 note names in Indian music (similar to Western solfege): sa re pa dha ga ni ma (sa) Raga Kapi Raga the 7 note names in Indian music (similar to Western solfege): sa re pa dha ga ni ma (sa) Raga Todi Raga the 7 note names in Indian music (similar to Western solfege): sa re pa dha ga ni ma (sa) Ragas Ragas Thoughts on Karivani, Kapi and Todi? How many pitches did each raga have going up and down? What was unique about Kapi's shape? What other qualities do you notices in this performance? Raga Karivani phrases Raga Raga Kapi phrases Raga Raga Todi (DAR example) Raga Rhythm in Indian Classical Music Rhythm Rhythm in Indian Classical Music is either free (no meter at all) or definitely metric. "Unbound and Bound" We will discuss how the "free" music is organized next week.... today we will discuss the definitely metric or "Bound" music... Tala Tala Tala is a metric cycle of beats. (similar to Western meter or the colotomic pattern of Indonesia) But, just like raga, tala has properties unique to India classical music. Tala are groups of short and long sections grouped together example: Teental is a 16-beat tala, with 4 groups of 4: (4+4+4+4) Rhythmic Patterns Rhythmic Rhythmic Jatis -- vocalized syllables to create rhythmic patterns (from South Indian Rhythmic Jatis vocalized syllables to create rhythmic patterns (from South Indian Karnatik tradition) Karnatik tradition) BEATS SYLLABLES GROUPING BEATS SYLLABLES GROUPING 1 1 2 2 tta a ttaka aka 3 3 4 4 ttakita akita ttakadimi akadimi 5 5 6 6 ttaka takita aka takita ttaka takadimi aka takadimi 2+3 2+3 2+4 2+4 7 7 8 8 ttakita takadimi akita takadimi ttakita takita taka akita takita taka 3+4 3+4 3+3+2 3+3+2 9 9 ttaka takita takadimi aka takita takadimi 2+3+4 2...
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