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Chapter 8 analogical representation maps visual images

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Unformatted text preview: nishment. Chapter 8: analogical representation: maps, visual images; symbolic representations: abstract ideas and language. Difining attribute model: list of features define a concept. Concepts are ways of classifying objects. Deductive reasoning: use belief or rules to determine a conclusion is valid; inductive: use examples. Heuristics: short cuts in problem solving. Availability heuristic (making decision based on most readily come to mind answers), representativeness heuristic (a rule to categorize based on how similarthe person is to our prototypes for that catergory); prospect theory; loss aversion: loss feel worse than gain. Affective forecasting: overestimate pain, underestimate how well we will cope. Functional fixedness: requires the problem solver to reinterpret an object’s potential function. Chapter 10: Eustress, the stress of positive events; distress, negative events. Chain of events: stressbrain-hypothalamus-pituiary gland-adrenal gland. General adaptation syndrome: consistent patterns of responses to stress: alarm (body fights), resistance stage (longer, sustained attack), exhaustion (systems fail). Osytocin, hormone for mother-baby bond, important for women’s stress response(tendbe-friend). Type A behaviour pattern, competitiveness, aggressiveness; type B behaviour pattern, easy going, relaxed. Allostatic load theory of illness: continully stressed, unable to return to normal state. Primary Appraisal: decide whether stimuli are stressful or not; Seconday Appraisal: evaluate response options and choose copin...
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