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Unformatted text preview: nishment. Chapter 8: analogical representation: maps, visual images; symbolic representations: abstract ideas
and language. Difining attribute model: list of features define a concept. Concepts are ways of
classifying objects. Deductive reasoning: use belief or rules to determine a conclusion is valid;
inductive: use examples. Heuristics: short cuts in problem solving. Availability heuristic (making
decision based on most readily come to mind answers), representativeness heuristic (a rule to
categorize based on how similarthe person is to our prototypes for that catergory); prospect theory; loss
aversion: loss feel worse than gain. Affective forecasting: overestimate pain, underestimate how well
we will cope. Functional fixedness: requires the problem solver to reinterpret an object’s potential
function. Chapter 10: Eustress, the stress of positive events; distress, negative events. Chain of events: stressbrain-hypothalamus-pituiary gland-adrenal gland. General adaptation syndrome: consistent patterns
of responses to stress: alarm (body fights), resistance stage (longer, sustained attack), exhaustion
(systems fail). Osytocin, hormone for mother-baby bond, important for women’s stress response(tendbe-friend). Type A behaviour pattern, competitiveness, aggressiveness; type B behaviour pattern,
easy going, relaxed. Allostatic load theory of illness: continully stressed, unable to return to normal
state. Primary Appraisal: decide whether stimuli are stressful or not; Seconday Appraisal: evaluate
response options and choose copin...
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2014 for the course PSY 100H1 taught by Professor Dolderman during the Winter '12 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Winter '12