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working human brain’s activity. TMS: the use of strong magnets to briefly interrupt normal brain
activity. Chapter 1: Reality is a story, told to us by our brains (perception involves interpreting patterns of
sensory information with pre-existing patterns stored in the brain); limited information processing
capacity (shortcuts-biases); Everything is the same (love, hate, war, neural conversations) Da Vin Ci,
one location; Rene Descartes, dualism, separate; Darwin, natural selection; Wilhelm Wundt,
structuralism, introspection, dividing parts; William James, functionalism, first lecture on psychology,
Gestalt. Freud, free association; John Stuart Mill, become a science of observation and of
experiment; John B. Watson, should be a science, developed behaviorism; Skinner, denied mental
state’s existence, how repeated behaviors are shaped by the events or consequences that followed them;
George A. Miller, cognitive revolution (the study of how people think, learn, and remember.); Kurt
Lewin, field theory emphasized the interplay between people and their environments. Chapter 6:Classical conditioning: associations between stimuli; operant conditioning: focus on the
consequences of behaviour. Reinforcement, increase the likelihood of event; punishment decreases
the likelihood; positive, add stimulus; negative, remove stimulus; Observational Learning: monkey
learns to be afraid of snake by watching others; Vicarious learning, learning from people’s
consequences; latent learning, without reinforcement; cognitive map: a visual/spatial m...
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2014 for the course PSY 100H1 taught by Professor Dolderman during the Winter '12 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.
- Winter '12