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Tms the use of strong magnets to briefly interrupt

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Unformatted text preview: a working human brain’s activity. TMS: the use of strong magnets to briefly interrupt normal brain activity. Chapter 1: Reality is a story, told to us by our brains (perception involves interpreting patterns of sensory information with pre-existing patterns stored in the brain); limited information processing capacity (shortcuts-biases); Everything is the same (love, hate, war, neural conversations) Da Vin Ci, one location; Rene Descartes, dualism, separate; Darwin, natural selection; Wilhelm Wundt, structuralism, introspection, dividing parts; William James, functionalism, first lecture on psychology, Gestalt. Freud, free association; John Stuart Mill, become a science of observation and of experiment; John B. Watson, should be a science, developed behaviorism; Skinner, denied mental state’s existence, how repeated behaviors are shaped by the events or consequences that followed them; George A. Miller, cognitive revolution (the study of how people think, learn, and remember.); Kurt Lewin, field theory emphasized the interplay between people and their environments. Chapter 6:Classical conditioning: associations between stimuli; operant conditioning: focus on the consequences of behaviour. Reinforcement, increase the likelihood of event; punishment decreases the likelihood; positive, add stimulus; negative, remove stimulus; Observational Learning: monkey learns to be afraid of snake by watching others; Vicarious learning, learning from people’s consequences; latent learning, without reinforcement; cognitive map: a visual/spatial m...
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