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Unformatted text preview: The Europe of Charles V I. Economic, Social, and political trends: 1500-1559 A. A glimpse of “good” times. In this period population of Europe grew less than c. 60 m. to c. 70 m. In Western Europe economy continued to grow w/gold and silver coming in from New World and w/gradual inflation. Period also saw great transfers of property, w/many grabbing Church lands and/or buying public offices w/titles of nobility. By comparison Eastern Europe fell back economically. =material condition improving Most of this took part in the Western Europe. Become distinct between the two (East and West). B. An Age of Panacea. While in Western Europe MATERIAL conditions were continuing to improve and the society was still waiting for a MILLENIUM, two “grass roots” mass movements, (very explosive situation) which historians (making moral value judgments) call the “Reformation” (against Catholic Church) and “Counter- Reformation,” (Catholics) broke out, each claiming to speak for GOD. Rulers and popes, caught off guard by popular enthusiasm, didn’t have the powers of enforcement (most powerful only had c. 1000 officials and 10 to 40,000 soldiers) to cope. Rulers preferred to exploit better times in order to resume fun and games, like the French-Hapsburg wars: round 1. Example of Grass Roots Movement 1. Early Christianity 2. Nationalism 3. Civil Rights Movement Abortive Grass Roots Movement 1. Albigensianism 2. Drug addiction 3. Suicide bombers Not a Grass Roots Movement 1. Crusades 2. Humanism 3. Sky Diving I I. France, England, and the Hapsburgs: 1500-1521 A. France: Toward Supremacy. French monarchy highly prestigious. Charles VIII’s cousin Louis XII (1498-1515), into fun and games, relied on prime minister George “let George do it” d’Amboise. In 1512 Louis kicked off by reinvading Italy, but by 1513 chased out. His cousin Francis I (1515-1547) more successful. In 1515 won battle at Marignano eg. Emperor Maximilian’s troops. (Sept. 13-14 defeated Swiss, who were defending Milan) In 1516 got Concordat of Bologna out of Pope Leo X, permitting Kings of France to nominate all Fr. Bishops. Francis top dog. • Rulers (even NNSM) had very limited powers of enforcement (1,000 officials 10 to 40,000 troops) but rulers in this period turn away from NNSM tactics and go back to PPP fun and games. • Not prepared to deal w/grass roots movement-Turns out very ugly for them!-Kings of France kick off fun and games by invading Italy! Concord of Bologna (1516) 1. Gave Kings of France the right to nominate candidates to be bishops and abbots 2. Popes had the right to veto the nomination if the candidate didn’t have certain minimum qualifications 3. Sold out the local chapters in France which had right to elect own bishops and abbots....
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- Winter '08
- Louis XIV, Louis XIV of France, Low Countries, Mazarin Young Louis XIV