Sociology Review Sheet

Sociology Review Sheet - Sociology Review Sheet Review of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology Review Sheet Review of the Contexts Readings Methods: Content Analysis C # 47 The Epidemic in Mental Illness: Clinical Fact or Survey Artifact? The National Comorbidity Survey claims that half the population suffers from a mental illness at some point few people diagnosed as mentally ill seek professional treatment studies don’t establish this fact surveys overstate the number of people with a mental disorder DSM has created criteria for diagnosing each mental disorder o Different clinicians were likely to diagnose same individual in different ways\ Need to have standardization or you have unreliability o Without standardization, you can have different results Must take into account context of everything C # 64 Sense and Nonsense about Surveys Howard Schuman The % of people who refuse to take part in a survey is very important The value of a sample comes not from its size but also from the way it is obtained 1936: thought Roosevelt would lose because Literary Digest worked from telephone and car ownerships lists – biased towards the wealthy Probability sampling : each person in the population to have an equal chance of being selected Survey results are every bit as dependent on the form, wording, and context of the questions asked as they are on the sample of people who answer them Black and white Americans might respond differently dependent upon the interviewer’s race Surveys = best tool for learning about large populations Methods: Fieldwork C # 66 The Promise and Pitfalls of Going into the Field Ethnographic research (fieldwork) Participant observation is the best empirical research method available because it allows us to do things firsthand Ethnography : observing social activities as an outsider, observing while participating in the activities, and conducting intensive interviews Ethnography is often written like investigative journalism BUT it requires the gathering of data Ethnography can be divided into three stages o Data gathering o Data analysis o Data presentation 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ethnography is scientific; good ethnography gains the perspectives of all involved Ethical concerns- think Laud Humphreys’ Tearoom Trade (homosexuals having sex in public restrooms) C # 67 In Their Own Words: Making the Most of Qualitative Interviews Robert Weiss Qualitative interviewing – listen attentively and respectfully o Qualitative interviews ask about the details of what happened: what was done and said, what the respondent thought and felt Surveys ask well-crafted questions that elicit brief answers Surveys are quantitative o Surveys report the distribution of people’s actions or opinions in tables/stats In-depth interviewing are the best source of information about people’s thoughts and feeling and the motives and emotions that lead them to act as they do Negatives about Interviews: o Accuracy depends on what respondents are willing to report
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course SOCL 250 taught by Professor Linneman during the Spring '08 term at William & Mary.

Page1 / 8

Sociology Review Sheet - Sociology Review Sheet Review of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online