ajaz_eco_204_2012_2013_chapter_12_Long_Run_CMP_PP

Show all calculations below answer since inputs must

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: as a sweetener. Ajax purchases/hires/leases all inputs as a price taker. Denote the price of sugar by the wage rate by rental rate by , and the price of materials by . In this question, assume all inputs are variable. , the capital (a) Write down Ajax Cola’s production function and characterize its returns to scale. Show all calculations below. Answer Since inputs must be combined in fixed ratios, the production function is: ( ) To check for returns to scale, suppose we scale up all inputs by 2. The new output will be: ( ) ( ) Note that: Doubling all inputs doubles output, i.e. there are constant returns to scale. (b) Calculate the optimal inputs required to produce target output . Show all calculations below. Answer To produce target output we require: ( ) At the optimum: 25 ECO 204 Chapter 12: Practice Problems & Solutions for The Long Run Cost Minimization Problem in ECO 204 (this version 2012-2013) University of Toronto, Department of Economics (STG). ECO 204, S. Ajaz Hussain. Do not distribute. (c) What is Ajax Cola’s cost function? From this calculate the average and marginal cost functions. Show all calculations below. Answer The cost of producing target output is: () From above: so that: () () () ( ) The marginal and average cost functions are: () () Note that () () () ( ) ( ) ( ), as must be the case when there are constant returns to scale. (e) What is the elasticity of total cost with respect to sugar prices? Show all calculations below. Answer We want: It’s best to compute this via the point elasticity method: Recall: () ( ) 26 ECO 204 Chapter 12: Practice Problems & Solutions for The Long Run Cost Minimization Problem in ECO 204 (this version 2012-2013) University of Toronto, Department of Economics (STG). ECO 204, S. Ajaz Hussain. Do not distribute. This implies: ( ) ( ) (f) Due to greater volatility in sugar prices, Ajax Cola has reconfigured its technology to enable the use of sugar ( ) and/or fructose ( ) as sweeteners, where 2 units of fructose can be perfectly substituted for a unit of sugar. Denote the price of fructose as . Write down Ajax Cola’s production function. Answer The production function was: ( ) Now Ajax can use sugar or fructose as perfect substitutes. Holding all other inputs constant, the “sub” production function for sweeteners is: The slope of the iso-quants is: If sugar and fructose are on the x and y axes respectively, then since 2 units of fructose can be perfectly substituted...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 01/19/2014.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online