ICL West and the new south 18-65-1900

ICL West and the new south 18-65-1900 - In Class Lecture...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In Class Lecture History The West and the New South 1865-1900 Liberty, equality and power Rutherford B. Hayes o Reconstruction period o His election signified the end that period o Went from public to private interest Trans Mississippi west Historiography – body of historical literature written by historians Different theories and ideas evolve to change history Fredrick Jackson Turner o Process of colonization of the west o Moved from primitive to civilized o American exceptionalism 1890- US census bureau published it publically, population density, frontier was effectively closed What does the frontier mean? 1607- Jamestown Frontier is an agent of democratization o Frontier- friendly, democracy- defines America o No other place has it o Extension of Europe – Turner didn’t believe that Walter Prescott Webb – The great plains (1931) o Challenges this process it’s a place and its physical/unique not necessarily challenging Turner, just a new idea- Trans Mississippi west o New soil, topography, compare it as one big frontier is too shallow o Great plains
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Webb- emphasis of geography and climate New western historians o Patrick Limerick: The legacy of conquest (1987) Emphasis on place and reject Turner’s thesis Place of encounter (meeting ground of different cultures) Trade-friendly Conflict-hostile Zebulon Pike o Explored southwest from 1806-1807 Pikes Peak o Propagated myth of great American desert John Wesley Powell o Explored green and Colorado river, grand canyon (1878) o Stressed importance of water Government needs to step in and regulate and control it William Gilpin o Promoter of west as a land of opportunity (1849) o Need for cheap land o “rain follows the plow” myth o Need of railroads Homestead Act of 1862 o Allowed individual over age 21 to own 160 acres of public domain o Individuals had to work, settle and “improve” the land for 5 years o Individuals could buy land at $1.25 an acre after 6 months o Act initiated the transcontinental railroad Tons of corruption Borderlands
Background image of page 2
o Apache o African o Hispanics-white caps Used for building the railroad January 24, 1848 o Sutter mills California
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 10613 taught by Professor Cupp during the Fall '08 term at TCU.

Page1 / 12

ICL West and the new south 18-65-1900 - In Class Lecture...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online