1389639061_229__02Phonetics_S2%25252C3%25252C4Spring2014_C1

study fig 23 on p 19 a rimrott 2013 simon fraser

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Unformatted text preview: es and fluids entering from the trachea (= windpipe) •  Speech func7on –  Produces voice for speech sounds © A. 15 Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Larynx •  Thyroid car&lage: rests on cricoid car&lage; contains vocal folds •  Vocal folds are a@ached to arytenoid car&lages, which aid in vocal fold’s movement •  Space between vocal folds called glo8s •  Depending on posi7oning of vocal folds, different glo9al states are produced (voicelessness, voicing, whisper, murmur) Study Fig. 2.2 on p. 18 © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 16 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Glo@al States •  Voicelessness –  Vocal folds are pulled apart –  Examples: see, flag, pot, etc. •  Voicing –  Air vibrates the vocal folds that are brought close together –  Examples: zip, veal, jug, etc. © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 17 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Glo@al States CONT. •  Whisper –  Front (anterior) por7ons of vocal folds are pulled together while back (posterior) por7ons are kept apart. •  Murmur (breathy voice or whispery voice) –  Vocal folds vibrate but their posi7on is more relaxed so that enough air can escape •  (Breathy quality – phonemic in Gujara7, Mazatec, etc.). Study Fig. 2.3 on p. 19 © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Prac7ce: Vocal Tract 1. _________ 2. _________ Fill in the missing words: a)  Larynx b)  Pharynx c)  Lips d)  Uvula e)  Nasal cavity 4. _________ f)  Palate g)  Soft palate/velum h)  Teeth i)  Tongue j)  Vocal cords/folds 3. _________ 9. _________ 10.________ 5. _________ 8. _________ 7. _________ 6. _________ © A. Rimrott, 2013 and/or M. Taboada, C. Galeano, Simon Fraser University 19 Places of Ar7cula7on •  Each point at which the airstream can be modified to produce a different sound is called a place of ar7cula7on. –  Places of ar7cula7on are found at the lips, within the oral cavity, in the pharynx, and at the gloos Study Figure 2.5 on p. 23 © A. Rimrott Bilabilal & Labiodental Sounds •  Lips: Labial sounds –  Bilabial sounds: the ar7cula7on involves both lips •  bit, pot, mix –  Labiodental sounds: the ar7cula7on involves the lower lip and upper teeth •  five, van © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada,...
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