1389639061_229__02Phonetics_S2%25252C3%25252C4Spring2014_C1

But r represents a dierent sound in the ipa trill we

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Unformatted text preview: er University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Frica7ves •  Ar7culated by close approxima7on of two ar7culators so that air stream is par7ally obstructed and turbulent airflow is produced •  Produced with con7nuous airflow through the mouth •  Accompanied by con7nuous audible noise because air passes through very narrow opening © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 42 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU English Frica7ve Sounds Places of ar7cula7on •  Labiodental •  Interdental •  Alveolar •  Alveopalatal •  Glo@al © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 43 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Labiodental Frica7ves feel [f] voiceless veal [v] voiced Constric7on (narrow passage) is formed with lower lip and upper teeth © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 44 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Interdental Frica7ves think [θ] voiceless this [ð] voiced Constric7on is formed by placing 7p of tongue between front teeth © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 45 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Alveolar Frica7ves see [s] voiceless zip [z] voiced Constric7on is made with blade (or 7p) of tongue close to alveolar ridge © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 46 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Alveopalatal Frica7ves shoe [ʃ] voiceless measure [ʒ] voiced Constric7on is made with blade of tongue close to where alveolar ridge ends and palate begins © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 47 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Glo@al Frica7ves head [h] voiceless –  Gloos is closed to about the degree of whispering –  Fric7on in pharyngeal and oral cavi7es © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Affricates •  Speech sounds that begin as stops but release as homorganic (same place of ar7cula7on) frica7ves –  Stop release: tongue moves rapidly away from point of ar7cula7on –  Affricate release: slow release © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 49 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Alveopalatal Affricate church [t voiceless ∫] jug [dʒ] voiced •  [t is ONE sound – an affricate ∫] –  Line indicates that it is one segment –  Alveolar stop is released into alveopalatal frica7ve © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 50...
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