1389639061_229__02Phonetics_S2%25252C3%25252C4Spring2014_C1

Heift m taboada c burgess sfu tense and lax vowels

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Unformatted text preview: University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, C. Burgess, SFU Liquids •  Speech sounds made with con7nuous flow of air through oral cavity •  Ar7culated by approxima7on of the ar7culators without the oral tract being narrowed to such an extent that a turbulent airstream is produced LIQUIDS L sounds (laterals) R- like sounds © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 51 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Laterals •  Obstruc7on of air stream is at a point along centre of oral tract •  Air escapes through mouth along sides of tongue © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 52 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Alveolar Lateral •  Blade of tongue makes contact with alveolar ridge •  Tongue is narrowed from side to side so that air can travel along sides of tongue live, load, le\ [l] voiced © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 53 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Velarized L = Dark L •  Alveolar laterals become velarized word- finally or before a consonant in the same syllable* •  Diacri7c: 7lde through segment. •  Examples: feel 7lt table milk [fiɫ] [thɪɫt] [thejbɫ̩] [mɪɫk] leaf halo lawn lick [lif] [hejlow] [lɑ̃n] [lɪk] * Once we know about syllable structure, we will state this more accurately as: Alveolar laterals become velarized when part of the syllable rhyme (i.e., in coda posi7on and when syllabic). © A. Rimrott, 2014 Alveolar Rho7c (r- like) Liquid •  Tongue 7p curled back into mouth or tongue bunched upward and back in mouth read, rapid [ɹ] voiced NOTE: The book employs the symbol [r]. But [r] represents a different sound in the IPA (trill). We will use the IPA symbol [ɹ] for the English alveolar rho7c liquid. © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 55 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Alveolar Flap •  Tongue 7p strikes alveolar ridge as it passes across it •  Tongue 7p makes momentary contact with alveolar ridge writer, rider, bu@er [ɾ] voiced t and d between vowels following a stressed syllable are ar7culated as a flap sound in North- American English © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 56 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Palatal Glide •  Back of tongue is raised toward palate •  Lips are slightly spread •  Corresponds closely in ar7cula7on to vowel...
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2014 for the course LING 220 taught by Professor Heift during the Spring '09 term at Simon Fraser.

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