1389639061_229__02Phonetics_S2%25252C3%25252C4Spring2014_C1

Rimrott 2013 simon fraser 26 university andor t heift

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Unformatted text preview: C. Burgess, SFU Dental, Interdental & Alveolar Sounds •  Teeth •  Dental sounds (the tongue is placed against or near the teeth) •  Interdental sounds (the tongue is placed between the teeth): think, this •  Alveolar Ridge (a small protuberance behind the upper teeth) •  Alveolar sounds (the tongue is placed near the alveolar ridge or touches it): see, top, life, dip, zip © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 22 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Alveopalatal & Palatal Sounds •  Hard Palate (the arched bony structure that forms the roof of the mouth) •  Alveopalatal sounds (the place behind the alveolar ridge, where the roof of the mouth rises sharply): shoe, pleasure, chip, job, •  Palatal sounds (the highest part of the roof of the mouth) yes © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 23 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Velar & Labiovelar Sounds •  Velum or So\ Palate (the so\, muscular part of the roof of the mouth) •  Velar sounds (the tongue is on or near the velum): car, goat, song •  Labiovelar sounds (the tongue is raised to the velum while the lips are rounded at the same 7me): well © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 24 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Uvular & Pharyngeal Sounds •  Uvula (the so\ fleshy 7p of the so\ palate) •  Uvular sounds (the tongue is on or near the uvula) •  None in English •  Inuit aiviq ‘walrus’ •  Pharynx •  Pharyngeal sounds (the airflow is modified by tongue retrac7on in this area or by constric7ng the pharynx) •  None in English •  In many Arabic dialects © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 25 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU [email protected] Sounds •  Ar7culated with gloos •  No other point of ar7cula7on •  [email protected] sounds: head, house and the [email protected] stop [ʔ], i.e., the sound before each vowel in _uh_uh [ʔʌʔʌ] (meaning “no”) or in the Cockney English pronuncia7on of the “@” in [email protected] © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 26 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Tongue •  Primary ar7culatory organ •  Tip (or apex) •  Blade: lies below alveolar ridge at rest •  Body (or front): lies below palate at rest •  Back: lies below velum at rest •  Dorsum: body and back together •  Root: opposite the back wall of...
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  • Spring '09
  • HEIFT
  • Lecture Notes, International Phonetic Alphabet, Simon Fraser, The Faculty of Communication, Art and Technology at Simon Fraser University, A. Rimrott

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