1389639061_229__02Phonetics_S2%25252C3%25252C4Spring2014_C1

Rimrott 2013 simon fraser university andor t heift m

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Unformatted text preview: [i] in see yes, you [j] voiced © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 57 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Labiovelar Glides •  Back of tongue is raised toward velum and lips are simultaneously rounded •  Corresponds closely in ar7cula7on to vowel [u] in zoo witch, we [w] voiced Some speakers: which, when [ʍ] voiceless –  Check your pronuncia7on © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 58 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Devoicing of Liquids and Glides •  Liquids and glides become voiceless a\er voiceless stops •  Diacri7c: circle right underneath segment •  Examples: –  please [ph l̥ i z] –  proud [phɹ̥ awd] –  pure [ph j̥ u ɹ] (with circle underneath j) © A. Rimrott, 2014 Vowels •  Simple Vowels –  No change in quality (monophthongs) •  Diphthongs –  Change in quality within a single syllable –  Tongue moves away from ar7cula7on of vowel toward a glide posi7on © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 60 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Simple Vowels in Canadian English heat [i] shoe [u] bid [ɪ] or [o] bet [ɛ] cut [ʌ] bat [æ] lock [ɑ] book [ʊ] © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 61 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Diphthongs in Canadian English make [ej] boat [ow] boy [oj] cow [aw] buy [aj] © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 62 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Ar7culatory Dimensions •  Height – ver7cal dimension –  Ver$cal movement of tongue •  Frontness – horizontal dimension –  Horizontal movement of tongue •  Lip Movement –  Rounded, neutral or spread © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser 63 University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Terminology High HEIGHT Mid Low FRONTNESS Front Central Back © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Prac7ce: Describing Vowels How does your tongue move? •  Pronounce vowels in he [i] and paw [ɑ] •  Pronounce vowels in pat [æ] and paw [ɑ] •  Pronounce vowels in he [i] and who [u] © A. Rimrott, 2013, Simon Fraser University, and/or © T. Heift, © M. Taboada, © C. Burgess, SFU Tense and Lax Vowels TENSE VOWELS –  Produced with a general tension of speech muscles –  Greater vocal tract constric7on –  Longer LA...
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