MCOMLAW - MCOM LAW Test 1 1/23/2008 11:33:00 AM i. Overview...

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MCOM LAW – Test 1 23/01/2008 12:33:00 i. Overview US Federal and National Government systems o Terms and Concepts Power: the ability to cause others to modify behavior and conform to  what the power holder wants Authority: the features of a leader or and institution that compels  obedience, usually because of ascribed legitimacy from the power  source/holders Legitimize: to legalize, authorize, or justify something Illegitimate: contrary to the rules or to the law Legal: based upon or permitted by law Illegal: against the law A. Constitution, Articles I, II, III, examples of power usage. o Legislature/Congress- only legislature can write laws by duly elected officials  appointed by the people. o Congress has to delegate authority o Bureaucrats “make up” their own non-binding laws to benefit themselves B. 2 types of legal systems in the world today o Code Law: theocracies, most current being Napoleanic code which only  Louisiana (out of US States) follows o Common Law: other 49 states follow it, used in more places, based on  English Common Law. Also based on 2 concepts: Whole Precedent: preceded, developed between 1400’s and 1500’s,  relying on prior cases to settle disputes. Stare Decisis: let the decisions stand.
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MCOM LAW 23/01/2008 12:33:00
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MCOM LAW 23/01/2008 12:33:00
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MCOM LAW 23/01/2008 12:33:00
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23/01/2008 12:33:00
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23/01/2008 12:33:00
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MCOM LAW …continued… 23/01/2008 12:33:00 IV. Legal Pocedure F. 5 facts re: Criminal Cases i. Prosecutor ii. The People iii. Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case? iv. On the state or the government  v. Standard of proof is beyond a reason of a doubt. G. 3 types of “pleas” in criminal cases i. Guilty ii. Not Guilty iii. No Contest (Nolo contendere) Do not contest the charges H. 2 types of TRIALS available to an Accused/Defendant  i. A jury trial, absolute right under the constitution ii. A bench trial, waived right to a jury trial. I. Under 6 th  amendment who has RIGHT to a SPEEDY AND PUBLIC  TRIAL by an IMPARTIAL JURY? An accused; a person called a defendant J. Types of Juries and Functions i. Grand Jury – indicts an individual, enough info for the Grand Jury to  suggest a trial ii. Trial Jury – petit jury; there are only 12 jurors, sometimes only 6; has to  be a unanimous verdict in order for person to be convicted; “Not guilty”  does not necessarily mean innocent o K. Four affirmative defenses i. Infancy - juveniles; age rules discussed last time.
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ii. Involuntary intoxication – has to be intoxicated;  iii. Insanity Person claiming insanity can be found guilty but insane which 
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MCOMLAW - MCOM LAW Test 1 1/23/2008 11:33:00 AM i. Overview...

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