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motivated reasoning associated with activations

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Unformatted text preview: oning associated with activations of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, insular cortex, and lateral orbital cortex (Westen et al., 2005). these regions of brain light up when you get angry/have strong emo reaction. tells us something missing from cognitive explanations because don't match brain... H1: More someone IDs with group --> more HME H2: Self Cat Theory, Meta Contrast --> = mechanism leading to HME More someone IDs, the more HME because the more identification = more cognitive differentiation, resulting in more HME Context:Very controversial Sarajevo market bombing, no one took credit for it. Two sides blaming each other. No one really knows who's responsible ---> 2 groups argue. Social Social identity and ingroup bias (Matheson & bias Dursun, Dursun, 2001) Bosnian Serbs and Muslims Serbs and Muslims Coverage of 1994 Sarajevo market bombing Prior evidence for social identification (Duck et al.) Another ex of ingroup bias? Partisans perceive selves in terms of partisanship, look at world in terms of group ID... Mediational process in SIT/SCT tested: By By showing media clip of market bombing, Serb/Muslim Serb/Muslim identity rendered salient Measure cognitive differentiation: Reid (2012) Study 1 (2012) How would you describe your political position? the more Rep, the higher % of Dem in Strongly Strongly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Strongly Media and vis versa = prediction in favor of in favor of Republicans Democrats Rate similarities own Nationality to one another on 12 traits traits (e.g., polite, aggressive, lazy) METACONTRAST Similarity Similarity of own Nation to other on same items In In the media, what percentage of remarks would you say are in Divide intergroup differences by intragroup favor favor of: differences prediction: the more they identify w/group, the more they engage in metacontrast, Republicans: ________ % the more they metacontrast, the higher Hostile Media Bias Democrats: ________ % Social Social identification MCR HMB MCR HMB There's a problem ----> inconsistent causal sequence (measured ID, showed videos, But.in wrong metacontrast) Don't know if it's correct explanation because they measured But.m.easu...
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