Unformatted text preview: xism
invisible in language thus contributing to sexism i.e., when masculine generics are used (Man, his),
do people think of men? Proactive inhibition: in memory, we get interference
when items are in the same category—e.g., a list
of male names.
Release from PI occurs when a word falls into a
different category—e.g., a female name.
If “man” and “his” are gender neutral, then they
would allow release from PI. If they are encoded in
the male category, PI will continue (and recall
would be poor) “Throughout most of history, men have breast-fed
breasttheir babies.” Gave word pairs, and asked people to try to remember them.
Either masculine or feminine: queen/Linda, nun/Mary, girl/Iris, mum/Ruth or; king/Ivan, son/Lewis, boy/Ross, dad/Mike
Word pairs followed by spelling an 8-letter nonsense word
8- Rate of Recall Ng (1990) Then asked to recall aloud the two words presented
Critical trial used unisex names paired with man and his:
i.e., Robin/man; Chris/his Relative to trial 4 (where PI is built up),
memory for man/his is decreased in the
masculine condition because of the
continuation of PI caused by encoding
those words in the masculine category.
Additionally, memory for man/his is
increased on trials 5 & 6 when the word
list was feminine, because of the release
from PI. Summary
Language reveals and reflects power
Language creates power
Language depoliticizes (i.e, conceals) power
Language routinizes (i.e,. naturalises) power
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- Spring '08
- Power, Passive voice