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Lecture 11 language and power

E when masculine generics are used man his do people

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Unformatted text preview: xism invisible in language thus contributing to sexism i.e., when masculine generics are used (Man, his), do people think of men? Proactive inhibition: in memory, we get interference when items are in the same category—e.g., a list category— of male names. Release Release from PI occurs when a word falls into a different category—e.g., a female name. category— If “man” and “his” are gender neutral, then they would allow release from PI. If they are encoded in the male category, PI will continue (and recall would be poor) “Throughout most of history, men have breast-fed breasttheir babies.” Gave word pairs, and asked people to try to remember them. Either masculine or feminine: queen/Linda, nun/Mary, girl/Iris, mum/Ruth or; king/Ivan, son/Lewis, boy/Ross, dad/Mike Word pairs followed by spelling an 8-letter nonsense word 8- Rate of Recall Ng (1990) Then asked to recall aloud the two words presented Critical trial used unisex names paired with man and his: man his: i.e., Robin/man; Chris/his Relative to trial 4 (where PI is built up), memory for man/his is decreased in the masculine condition because of the continuation of PI caused by encoding those words in the masculine category. Additionally, memory for man/his is increased on trials 5 & 6 when the word list was feminine, because of the release from PI. Summary Language reveals and reflects power Language creates power Language depoliticizes (i.e, conceals) power (i.e, Language routinizes (i.e,. naturalises) power i.e,. naturalises) relationships 4...
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